Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Largest Catholic Marian church in Rome

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Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major
  • Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore  (Italian)
  • Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris  (Latin)
Roma - 2016-05-23 - Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore - 2957.jpg
Façade of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore facing the Piazza
Map of the city of Rome with a red dot on the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
Map of the city of Rome with a red dot on the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
Location of the Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome
41°53′51″N 12°29′55″E / 41.89750°N 12.49861°E / 41.89750; 12.49861Coordinates: 41°53′51″N 12°29′55″E / 41.89750°N 12.49861°E / 41.89750; 12.49861
LocationRome
CountryItaly
DenominationCatholic Church
TraditionLatin Church
WebsiteSanta Maria Maggiore
History
StatusPapal major basilica
DedicationBlessed Virgin Mary
Relics heldSaint Jerome (12th century)
Architecture
Architect(s)Ferdinando Fuga
Architectural typeBasilica
StyleRoman architecture
Romanesque architecture (tower)
Baroque architecture
Groundbreaking432 (432)
Completed1743 (1743)
Specifications
Length92 metres (302 ft)
Width80 metres (260 ft)
Nave width30 metres (98 ft)
Height75 metres (246 ft)
Administration
DioceseDiocese of Rome
Clergy
ArchpriestStanisław Ryłko
Official nameHistoric Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii, iii, iv, vi
Designated1980[1]
Reference no.91
State PartyItaly and the Holy See
RegionEurope and North America

The Basilica of Saint Mary Major (Italian: Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Italian pronunciation: [ˈsanta maˈriːa madˈdʒoːre]; Latin: Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris),[2] or church of Santa Maria Maggiore, is a Papal major basilica and the largest Catholic Marian church in Rome, Italy.

The basilica enshrines the venerated image of Salus Populi Romani, depicting the Blessed Virgin Mary as the health and protectress of the Roman people, which was granted a Canonical coronation by Pope Gregory XVI on 15 August 1838 accompanied by his Papal bull Cælestis Regina.

Pursuant to the Lateran Treaty of 1929 between the Holy See and Italy, the Basilica is within Italian territory and not the territory of the Vatican City State.[3] However, the Holy See fully owns the Basilica, and Italy is legally obligated to recognize its full ownership thereof[4] and to concede to it "the immunity granted by International Law to the headquarters of the diplomatic agents of foreign States."[3] In other words, the complex of buildings has a status somewhat similar to a foreign embassy.

  1. ^ "Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura". Whc.unesco.org. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
  2. ^ The actual, official name seems to vary: the Holy See's press office uses "Papal Liberian Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome" in English in a 2011 note Archived 3 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine, while the official Vatican site for the Basilica uses various formulas not including "Liberian" or Liberiana, some under a coat of arms that includes "basilica Liberiana" in Italian.
  3. ^ a b Lateran Treaty of 1929, Article 15 ([1])
  4. ^ Lateran Treaty of 1929, Article 13 ([2])

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