UK warns Hong Kong security law critics of extradition risk posed by China

Activist Bill Browder warns of global reach of controversial law after being contacted by Foreign Office

Britain has warned some Hong Kong critics in the UK about travelling abroad, according to high-profile human rights advocate Bill Browder, highlighting concerns about the cross-border reach of the Chinese region’s national security law.

Browder, a well-known lobbyist for the use of sanctions against foreign governments involved in human rights abuses, said he was contacted by the UK Foreign Office earlier this month after he was named in a Hong Kong court during a foreign collusion case.

“[The] British government contacted me and other activists who were advocating for Magnitsky sanctions against Hong Kong officials to avoid travelling to countries with Hong Kong extradition treaties, to avoid getting ensnared in China’s new national security law,” Browder said on Twitter.

According to a report by Bloomberg, the Foreign Office contacted Browder by email, and then on a subsequent video call an official read a list of countries that can extradite individuals to Hong Kong.

Browder, a US-born naturalised British citizen, did not detail which other individuals had been contacted. The Foreign Office told Bloomberg it could not comment on private meetings.

Browder is a well-known critic of state-backed human rights abuses. In 2005 he was expelled from Russia after having run one of the country’s most successful investment funds, until it was hijacked by corrupt officials.

The subsequent arrest and murder in prison of a tax lawyer who worked for Browder, Sergei Magnitsky, prompted Browder to lobby the US to introduce sanctions legislation which came to be known as the Magnitsky Act. The act allows for the targeting of individual foreign nationals with sanctions, and similar laws have since been passed in numerous other countries.

Browder has been outspoken on the Hong Kong crackdown, and called for foreign governments to use Magnitsky-style sanctions against government officials.

The national security law, introduced in June last year, broadly outlaws a host of acts and activities as foreign collusion, secession, subversion and terrorism. It has been used to arrest more than 140 people so far, including pro-democracy figures, student activists, media executives, journalists and human rights activists.

Charges have been laid against about half the cohort, and some individuals who have since fled overseas are subject to warrants under the law. The law, which was designed and implemented by Beijing, claims international jurisdiction, prompting concerns that it could be used to target people suspected of breaching it even if they are overseas.

Hong Kong government figures list 19 extradition agreements with other nations including India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa and Portugal. In response to the law, several countries including the UK, Australia, Germany, France and the US, tore up their Hong Kong agreements.

Chinese authorities record at least 59 extradition agreements, including with countries across Asia and Europe, although not all are ratified. Several countries including France and Australia have indicated they will not ratify their agreements.

Various government travel warnings urge caution when travelling to Hong Kong because of the new law. The UK’s official advice warns of “a risk for those who commit an offence under the law of being detained and removed to mainland China”.

“The legislation states that [national security] offences apply to activities conducted both inside and outside Hong Kong, which in practice could include activities conducted in the UK. China’s mainland authorities could under certain circumstances detain and try individuals who commit an offence, or are accused of committing an offence, under the terms of this law.”


Helen Davidson in Taipei

The GuardianTramp

Related Content

Article image
China passes controversial Hong Kong national security law
Critics say the measure, which criminalises secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces, devastates Hong Kong’s autonomy

Lily Kuo in Beijing and Guardian reporter in Hong Kong

30, Jun, 2020 @3:00 AM

Article image
British government's Hong Kong intervention riles China
Dominic Raab, the foreign secretary, underlines ‘one country, two systems’ in call to Carrie Lam, the Hong Kong chief executive

Staff and agencies

11, Aug, 2019 @2:47 AM

Article image
UK expected to suspend Hong Kong extradition treaty as China relations sour
Foreign secretary Dominic Raab to announce results of review on Monday amid tensions over Beijing’s imposition of new national security law

Guardian staff and agencies

20, Jul, 2020 @12:34 AM

Article image
Hong Kong crisis: China presents security laws banning subversion and separatism
China reveals details of sweeping law it plans to impose on Hong Kong, overriding territory’s constitution and prompting threat of US retaliation

Lily Kuo in Beijing and Helen Davidson

22, May, 2020 @4:31 AM

Article image
UK will ‘bear the consequences’ for Hong Kong decision, China warns
Ambassador to London calls extradition treaty suspension ‘blatant’ interference in Chinese affairs and a contravention of international law

Helen Davidson

21, Jul, 2020 @2:35 AM

Article image
How China changed Hong Kong: views from the city
As the 20th anniversary of the handover from the UK to China is marked, the Guardian talks to residents and officials about the shifts since 1997

Benjamin Haas

28, Jun, 2017 @4:00 AM

Article image
China says Hong Kong violence 'totally intolerable'
UK warns China of serious consequences if it breaches agreement on freedoms in city

Guardian reporter in Hong Kong

02, Jul, 2019 @5:32 PM

Article image
Fear and fighting spirit in Hong Kong as China 'rams through' security law
Beijing’s push to impose legislation is seen as fresh rallying point for an anti-government movement that had lost focus

Guardian reporter in Hong Kong

22, May, 2020 @5:05 AM

Article image
Employee at UK's consulate in Hong Kong detained in China
Detention comes amid more than two months of pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong

Lily Kuo in Hong Kong

20, Aug, 2019 @6:39 AM

Article image
Chinese parliament approves controversial Hong Kong security law
Move paves way for anti-sedition laws that rights advocates say threaten freedoms, as US opposition builds

Lily Kuo in Beijing

28, May, 2020 @3:58 PM