'Mexico has become Trump's wall': how Amlo became an immigration enforcer

The Mexican president, who once called for safe passage for migrants, has taken on a new role – and allies have followed suit

When a group of Central American families forded the Suchiate River into Mexico last week, they were greeted by a wall of national guardsmen who locked riot shields and fired teargas into the crowd.

Questioned about the incident, Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, dismissed it as “an isolated case” and said such scenes were “not the style of this government”.

The very next day, the national guard once again teargassed migrants near the border with Guatemala. News footage showed women and children howling in distress as guardsmen rounded them up and loaded them on to buses.

Así fueron los primeros momentos del operativo de la Guardia Nacional contra la #CaravanaMigrante pic.twitter.com/IH1hpPsemV

— Alberto Pradilla (@albertopradilla) January 24, 2020

The president, generally referred to as Amlo, once railed against the abuse visited on migrants. In opposition, he pleaded for Mexico to provide safe passage to people heading for the US border.

But 13 months into his presidency – and under the looming threat of US tariffs – Amlo has assumed a new role: immigration enforcer.

The president has struggled to reconcile his past rhetoric with current actions, claiming good intentions at every turn, invoking human rights and even citing scripture to call for the proper treatment of migrants.

But Amlo has staunchly defended the national guard, a militarised police force he created last year ostensibly to fight organized crime. Its first deployment was against migrants, even as violence continues to wrack the country.

“The national guard resisted a lot because there was aggression, on the part of the migrants,” he told reporters. “They didn’t fall in the trap of responding with violence, which is possibly what the leaders of these caravans and our political adversaries were looking for.”

Cabinet ministers parroted the same line: “In no way was there an act of repression,” said the interior minister, Olga Sánchez Cordero. “A tragedy was avoided,” said the foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard.

The National Immigration Institute, meanwhile, said that it had “rescued” 800 migrants – using the word as a euphemism for “arrested”.

As he swept to power in 2018, Amlo promised to end a bitter history of government repression: under successive administrations, soldiers and police have often been deployed to disperse – and disappear – protesters and opposition activists.

“Mexico has a long history of its government acting out against its citizens,” said Esteban Illades, editor of the magazine Nexos.

But the arrival of migrant caravans from Central America has exposed the extreme ideological promiscuity of Mexican politics. Like his ministers, members of Amlo’s coalition have followed the president’s lead and turned against the caravans.

Migrants charge at members of the Mexican national guard at the border crossing between Guatemala and Mexico, near Ciudad Hidalgo.
Migrants charge at members of the Mexican national guard at the border crossing between Guatemala and Mexico, near Ciudad Hidalgo. Photograph: Marco Ugarte/AP

Those who have criticized heavy-handed responses, meanwhile, include politicians from past administrations, whose immigration policies failed to protect migrants against predatory gangs who target them for kidnapping and extorting them.

“They are weaponising the suffering of the people coming here,” Rodolfo Soriano-Nuñez, a sociologist in Mexico City, said of the response from many of Amlo’s opponents.

The debate has played out in the shadow of Donald Trump’s punitive migration policies, and his threats to inflict economic pain on countries that fail to stop the mass movement of people towards the US.

“The Mexican government still has to save face, or at least pretend they can, despite the fact that Trump is dictating Mexican migration policy – that Mexico has agreed to become Trump’s wall,” said Carlos Bravo Regidor, a political pundit in Mexico City.

Like his predecessors, Amlo has found that Mexican presidents struggle to forge a migration policy of their own.

His administration initially promised humanitarian visas to migrants, which would allow them to work or study in Mexico for a year. But the initiative was disbanded after migrants simply used to the visas to transit the country.

Polls show public opinion has soured on migrants, giving Amlo a free hand to launch a crackdown. As authorities rounded up migrants last week, human rights workers confirmed several cases in which Mexican officials separated children from their parents for up to two days.

“We’re facing an unmanageable scenario,” Carlos Heredia, a professor at the CIDE university, told the newspaper El Financiero. “We sold our soul and we’ve become the wall.”

Contributor

David Agren in Mexico City

The GuardianTramp

Related Content

Article image
‘We’ve been taken hostage’: African migrants stranded in Mexico after Trump's crackdown
Hundreds of migrants from Africa are stuck in Tapachula because of Mexico’s willingness to bow to Trump and stem the flow of migrants

Jo Tuckman in Tapachula

30, Sep, 2019 @7:00 AM

Article image
Now or never: Trump's Mexico wall threat encourages migration to US
The Republican candidate’s plan to build a wall along the US-Mexico border is causing many in Central America to flee to Texas’s Rio Grande valley

Tom Dart in McAllen, Texas

05, Apr, 2016 @11:00 AM

Article image
Caravan of 3,000 Central American migrants crosses into Mexico
Mexico has drafted in two planeloads of police to border with the migrants hoping to reach US despite Trump’s hostility

José Alejandro García in Tecún Umán and David Agren in Mexico City

19, Oct, 2018 @7:06 PM

Article image
Passage through Mexico: the global migration to the US
While waiting for travel documents in Tapachula, African and Asian migrants recount the treacherous journeys they took to get one step closer to a new home

Nina Lakhani in Tapachula, Mexico

06, Sep, 2016 @3:53 PM

Article image
Migrants brave the 'Beast' as Mexico cracks down under US pressure
Central Americans are jumping a notorious freight train as Trump demands that Mexico do more to stop them

David Agren in Ciudad Ixtepec

05, Jun, 2019 @8:00 AM

Article image
Migrant caravan converges on Mexico City after three weeks on the road
Confusion over government transport to the capital from Gulf coast state of Veracruz leads to fragmentation of the group

David Agren in Córdoba

05, Nov, 2018 @9:00 PM

Article image
Remain in Mexico policy needlessly exposed migrants to harm, report says
Human Rights Watch describes crimes including rape, kidnapping, extortion but Biden team warns change may not be immediate

Tom Phillips Latin America correspondent

06, Jan, 2021 @5:01 AM

Article image
Migrant deaths at US-Mexico border increase 17% this year, UN figures show
UN’s migration agency shows 232 people died in the first seven months of 2017, compared to 204 during the same period last year

Amanda Holpuch in New York

05, Aug, 2017 @11:00 AM

Article image
'The US can't dump people in Mexico': Trump asylum policy in doubt
Head of immigration authority says Mexico has ‘asked for answers’ on ‘catch and return’ – but shutdown isn’t helping

Sarah Kinosian in Tijuana, Mexico

05, Jan, 2019 @12:01 PM

Article image
Remain in Mexico: migrants face deadly peril as Biden restores Trump policy
The US has struck a deal with Mexico to make asylum seekers wait south side of the border while their applications are processed

David Agren in Mexico City

03, Dec, 2021 @10:00 AM