The Brazilian president-elect, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula for short), addressed Cop27 and promised that “Brazil is back”.
He confirmed that Germany and Norway will reopen the Amazon fund, called for Cop30 to be held in the Amazon rainforest, and announced that he would be setting up a ministry for Indigenous people.
Lula also said it was time to reform the UN and the global settlement. “The world has changed.”
Elsewhere, Costa Rica, which has a new leader, has backed away from the coalition it cofounded to end oil and gas.
Interest in a proposal to “phase down all fossil fuels” is growing, with even the US now giving (extremely qualified) support.
There is continuing anxiety over the progress of glacial loss and damage negotiations. The Alliance of Small Island States, a negotiating bloc, fear many developed countries are backtracking on their commitment to make progress.
There is anxiety countries are trying to backslide on their climate commitments, with the first tentative drafts of decisions from the summit showing attempts to unpick agreements and water down promises.