Britain’s financial regulator, accused of failing from “top to bottom” after a string of scandals, has paid out bonuses of more than £125m to its staff since 2016, the Observer can reveal.
Campaigners said the payouts at the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) were an “absolute insult” to savers who had lost their life savings because of the regulator’s systemic failings.
The FCA boss Nikhil Rathi is now proposing to scrap the bonuses after two independent reviews found the regulator had acted too slowly to protect consumers. He said the payouts had “not been effective at driving individual or collective performance”.
Details of the bonus payouts obtained by the Observer reveal £125,529,590 has been paid out in bonuses at the watchdog since 2016, including bonuses worth up to £45,000 each for executive directors.
In the year to 31 March 2021, £19.8m in bonuses was paid out, with average payouts of about £5,300 for those receiving awards.
These are among the biggest bonus pots ever handed out in a government department or quango.
Gina Miller, the business activist and co-founder of the True and Fair Campaign, which is calling for a package of financial reforms to benefit consumers, said: “These payouts are an absolute insult to people who have lost their life savings or have had their lives decimated because we have a regulator which isn’t fit for purpose.
“We have seen over the last five years some of the biggest financial scandals due to a lack of enforcement and regulatory rigour. It’s unbelievable against that backdrop to award these bonuses. This is an organisation which has failed from top to bottom.”
About 4,200 staff work at the FCA, which is funded by the financial firms it regulates. It was headed by Andrew Bailey, the Bank of England governor, from July 2016 to March 2020.
The watchdog was criticised in a damning report by the former court of appeal judge Dame Elizabeth Gloster last December over its failure to effectively supervise and regulate the mini-bond issuer London Capital & Finance (LCF). About 11,600 investors lost savings of up to £237m when LCF went into administration in 2019.
Two of the FCA’s most senior executives, Megan Butler and Jonathan Davidson, faced calls from MPs to repay bonuses of £45,000 each paid in the 2018-19 financial year after they were named in the Gloster report.
The watchdog was criticised in another independent review published in December for ineffective regulation over the collapse of the Connaught Income Fund in 2012. The FCA said at the time it was “profoundly sorry” for the mistakes that had been made.
The watchdog has also faced criticism for failing to intervene before the collapse of Neil Woodford’s £3.1bn Woodford Equity Income Fund. It was shut down in October 2019 with heavy losses for tens of thousands of investors.
In an FCA consultation document that has been circulated to staff, Rathi said it was “increasingly difficult” to justify the bonus payouts after the LCF and Connaught fund reviews found the regulator had acted too slowly to protect consumers.
He wrote: “This is particularly so when bonuses are paid to the vast majority of staff and not just those who have performed exceptionally.”
The FCA said its executive directors had declined to be considered for performance bonuses in 2020-21 and it had already been decided they will not be eligible for the performance awards in the future. The FCA pay and benefits consultation runs until 20 December.