Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor World Heritage Site


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Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is located in China
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
General information
LocationLintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi
Coordinates34°22′54″N 109°15′14″E / 34.38167°N 109.25389°E / 34.38167; 109.25389Coordinates: 34°22′54″N 109°15′14″E / 34.38167°N 109.25389°E / 34.38167; 109.25389
Criteriai, iii, iv, vi
Designated1987 (11th session)
Reference no.441
State PartyChina

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Qin Shi Huang) (Chinese: 秦始皇陵; pinyin: Qínshǐhuáng Líng) is located in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province of China. This mausoleum was constructed over 38 years, from 246 to 208 BC, and is situated underneath a 76-meter-tall tomb mound shaped like a truncated pyramid.[1] The layout of the mausoleum is modeled on the Qin capital Xianyang, divided into inner and outer cities. The circumference of the inner city is 2.5 km (1.55 miles) and the outer is 6.3 km (3.9 miles). The tomb is located in the southwest of the inner city and faces east. The main tomb chamber housing the coffin and burial artifacts is the core of the architectural complex of the mausoleum.

The tomb itself has not yet been excavated. Archaeological explorations currently concentrate on various sites of the extensive necropolis surrounding the tomb, including the Terracotta Army to the east of the tomb mound.[2] The Terracotta Army served as a garrison to the mausoleum and has yet to be completely excavated.[3][4]

  1. ^ Portal, Jane. "The first emperor of China: new discoveries & research: later this month the British Museum unveils an unprecedented loan exhibition of the terracotta warriors and other discoveries made at the 3rd-century BC tomb complex of Qin Shihuangdi, China's first emperor. Jane Portal, the exhibition's curator, explains the importance of the new finds." Apollo Sept. 2007: 54+. Academic OneFile. Web. 11 July 2016
  2. ^ Liu Yuhan (30 April 2012). "New York City welcomes the Terracotta Warriors". China Daily. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Terra Cotta Warriors: Guardians of China's First Emperor".
  4. ^ Li Xianzhi (13 October 2009). ""Teenage warriors" discovered in China's terracotta army". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 13 July 2012.

Nearby Places

  • Terracotta Army

    Collection of ancient Chinese military statues

  • Lintong District

    District in Shaanxi, People's Republic of China

  • Mount Li
  • Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
  • Xinfengzhen railway station
  • Lintong railway station

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