Cocoanut Grove fire

Conflagration at nightclub in Boston, Massachusetts

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Cocoanut Grove fire
Cocoanut Grove Night Club Fire.jpg
The Shawmut Street side of the Cocoanut Grove nightclub after the fire
DateNovember 28, 1942
TimeAround 10:15 pm
LocationBay Village, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
CauseIgnition of decorative cloth
Deaths492
Non-fatal injuries130
SuspectsBarney Welansky
ChargesManslaughter, numerous building code and safety violations
VerdictGuilty
ConvictionsManslaughter

The Cocoanut Grove was a premier nightclub during the post-Prohibition 1930s and 1940s in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. On November 28, 1942, it was the scene of the deadliest nightclub fire in history, claiming a total of 492 lives (which was 32 more than the building's authorized capacity) and injuring hundreds more. The scale of the tragedy shocked the nation and briefly replaced the events of World War II in newspaper headlines. It led to a reform of safety standards and codes across America, and to major changes in the treatment and rehabilitation of burn victims internationally.

The Cocoanut Grove fire was the second-deadliest single-building fire in American history; only the 1903 Iroquois Theatre fire in Chicago had a higher death toll, of 602. It was only two years after the Rhythm Club fire which had killed 209.[1]

  1. ^ "'Complete panic' as 233 killed in Brazil nightclub fire." USA Today. January 27, 2013. Retrieved on January 27, 2013.

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