Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk World Heritage Site

Church in Žďár nad Sázavou District of Vysočina region

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Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Zelená hora - příchod.jpg
LocationŽďár nad Sázavou, Žďár nad Sázavou District, Vysočina Region, Czech Republic
CriteriaCultural: (iv)
Reference690
Inscription1994 (18th session)
Area0.64 ha (1.6 acres)
Buffer zone627.9 ha (1,552 acres)
Websitewww.zdarns.cz/en/town/zelena-hora
Coordinates49°34′48.7″N 15°56′31.4″E / 49.580194°N 15.942056°E / 49.580194; 15.942056Coordinates: 49°34′48.7″N 15°56′31.4″E / 49.580194°N 15.942056°E / 49.580194; 15.942056
Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk is located in Vysočina Region
Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk
Location of Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk in Vysočina Region
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Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk is located in Czech Republic
Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk
Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk (Czech Republic)
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Dome

The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk (Czech: Poutní kostel svatého Jana Nepomuckého) at Zelená hora (former German name: Grünberg, meaning "Green Hill") is a religious building at the edge of Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Republic, near the historical border between Moravia and Bohemia. It is the final work of Jan Santini Aichel, a Bohemian architect who combined the Borrominiesque Baroque with references to Gothic elements in both construction and decoration.

In 1719, when the Roman Catholic Church declared the tongue of John of Nepomuk to be incorruptible, work started to build a church at Zelená hora, where the future saint had received his early education. It was consecrated immediately after John's beatification in 1720, although construction works lumbered on until 1727. Half a century later, after a serious fire, the shape of the roof was altered.

The church, with many furnishings designed by Santini himself, is remarkable for its gothicizing features and complex symbolism, quite unusual for the time. In 1994, it was declared a World Heritage Site. The nomination dossier pointed out Santini's mathematical ratios in its architecture which aimed at "the creation of an independent spatial reality", with "the number 5 being dominant in the layout and proportions" of the church.


Nearby Places

  • Sázava (river)
  • Nové Město na Moravě

    Town in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Žďár nad Sázavou District

    District in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Žďár nad Sázavou

    Town in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Velká Losenice

    Municipality in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk
  • Velké Dářko
  • Březí nad Oslavou

    Municipality in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Budeč (Žďár nad Sázavou District)

    Municipality in Vysočina, Czech Republic

  • Cikháj

    Municipality in Vysočina, Czech Republic

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