Durham Cathedral

Cathedral in the city of Durham, England

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Durham Cathedral
The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham
Durham MMB 02 Cathedral.jpg
Durham Cathedral from the north-west
Durham Cathedral is located in Durham, England
Durham Cathedral
Durham Cathedral
Location within Durham
Coordinates: 54°46′25″N 1°34′34″W / 54.77361°N 1.57611°W / 54.77361; -1.57611
DenominationChurch of England
TraditionBroad Church
StyleGothic, Norman, Decorated
Years built1093–1133, additions until 1490.
Length469 feet (143 m) (interior)
Nave width81 feet (25 m) (inc aisles)
Nave height73 feet (22 m)
Choir height74 feet (23 m)
Number of towers3
Tower height218 feet (66 m) (central tower)
144 feet (44 m) (western towers)
Number of spires0 (2 on western towers until 1658)
DioceseDurham (since 635 as Lindisfarne, 995 as Durham)
Bishop(s)Paul Butler
DeanAndrew Tremlett
PrecentorMichael Hampel (Vice-Dean)
ChancellorCharlie Allen
Canon(s)Sophie Jelley (Dir. Mission)
Simon Oliver (Professor)
ArchdeaconIan Jagger
Director of musicDaniel Cook (Organist and Master of the Choristers)
Organist(s)Francesca Massey (Sub-Organist)
Chapter clerkAmanda Anderson
Lay member(s) of chapterCathy Barnes
Ivor Stolliday (Treasurer)
Part ofDurham Castle and Cathedral
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv, vi
Inscription1986 (10th session)

The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham,[1][2][4] commonly known as Durham Cathedral[5][6][7] and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert,[8] is a cathedral in the city of Durham, England. It is the seat of the Bishop of Durham, the fourth-ranked bishop in the Church of England hierarchy. The present cathedral was begun in 1093, replacing the Saxon 'White Church', and is regarded as one of the finest examples of Norman architecture in Europe.[9] In 1986 the cathedral and Durham Castle were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[10]

Durham Cathedral holds the relics of Saint Cuthbert, transported to Durham by Lindisfarne monks in the ninth century, the head of Saint Oswald of Northumbria, and the remains of the Venerable Bede. In addition, its library contains one of the most complete sets of early printed books in England, the pre-Dissolution monastic accounts, and three copies of Magna Carta.

From 1080 until 1836 the Bishop of Durham held the powers of an Earl Palatine, exercising military and civil leadership as well as religious leadership, in order to protect the English Border with Scotland. The cathedral walls formed part of Durham Castle, the chief seat of the Bishop of Durham.[11]

There are daily Church of England services at the cathedral, with the Durham Cathedral Choir singing daily except Mondays and when the choir is on holiday. It is a major tourist attraction and received 727,367 visitors in 2019.[12]

  1. ^ Historic England (6 May 1952). "Cathedral Church of Christ and St. Mary the Virgin (1161023)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  2. ^ Durham County Council. "Cathedral Church of Christ & St Mary the Virgin: Listed Building". Archived 21 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine 2004. Accessed 21 December 2014.
  3. ^ Mackenzie, Eneas & al. An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham: Comprehending the Various Subjects of Natural, Civil, and Ecclesiastical Geography, Agriculture, Mines, Manufactures, Navigation, Trade, Commerce, Buildings, Antiquities, Curiosities, Public Institutions, Charities, Population, Customs, Biography, Local History, &c., Vol. II, p. 366. Archived 21 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Mackenzie & Dent (Newcastle), 1834.
  4. ^ Originally known as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Mary the Virgin and St. Cuthbert the Bishop, it was renamed by Henry VIII's charter of 12 May 1541, to the "Cathedral Church of Christ and Blessed Mary the Virgin".[3] The Dedication reverted to The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham in a service on Sunday 4 September 2005. This was reflected in the cathedral's constitution and statutes on 16 December 2008.
  5. ^ Durham Cathedral: The Shrine of St Cuthbert. "About Us". Archived 27 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine Chapter of Durham (Durham), 2014. Accessed 21 December 2014.
  6. ^ A Church Near You. "Durham Cathedral, Durham". Archived 21 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine Church of England (London), 2014. Accessed 21 December 2014.
  7. ^ Association of English Cathedrals "Durham Cathedral". Archived 21 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 21 December 2014.
  8. ^ Durham Cathedral: The Shrine of St Cuthbert. Official Website Archived 15 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Chapter of Durham (Durham), 2014. Accessed 21 December 2014.
  9. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Metcalfe, Priscilla (2005). The Cathedrals of England: North and East Anglia. London: The Folio Society. p. 24. Most of what makes Durham Durham is of the short space of time between 1093 and 1133, and of that phase [...]it is one of the most perfect and also historically most interesting buildings in Europe.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Durham Castle and Cathedral (1000089)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  11. ^ the other being Bishop Auckland
  12. ^ "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions". www.alva.org.uk. Retrieved 23 October 2020.

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  • Durham, England

    City in England

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  • Durham Cathedral

    Church in Durham, England

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    Constituent college of the University of Durham, UK

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