Royal Exhibition Building

Building in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Royal Exhibition Building
Royal exhibition building tulips straight.jpg
The Royal Exhibition Building, showing the fountain on the southern or Carlton Gardens side
General information
Location9 Nicholson Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Coordinates37°48′17″S 144°58′17″E / 37.80472°S 144.97139°E / -37.80472; 144.97139Coordinates: 37°48′17″S 144°58′17″E / 37.80472°S 144.97139°E / -37.80472; 144.97139
Construction started1879 (1879)
Completed1880 (1880)
Design and construction
ArchitectJoseph Reed
Official nameRoyal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens
TypeCultural
Criteriaii
Designated2004 (28th session)
Reference no.1131
State Party Australia
RegionAsia-Pacific

The Royal Exhibition Building is a World Heritage-listed building in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, built in 1879-80 as part of the international exhibition movement, which presented over 50 exhibitions between 1851 and 1915 around the globe. The building sits on approximately 26 hectares (64 acres), is 150 metres (490 ft) long and is surrounded by four city streets.[1] It is at 9 Nicholson Street in the Carlton Gardens, flanked by Victoria, Carlton and Rathdowne Streets, at the north-eastern edge of the central business district. It was built to host the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880–81, and then hosted the even larger Centennial International Exhibition in 1888, and the formal opening of the first Parliament of Australia in 1901. The building is representative of the money and pride Victoria had in the 1870s.[2] Throughout the 20th century smaller sections and wings of the building were subject to demolition and fire; however, the main building, known as the Great Hall, survived.

It received restoration throughout the 1990s and in 2004 became the first building in Australia to be awarded UNESCO World Heritage status, being one of the last remaining major 19th-century exhibition buildings in the world. It is the world's most complete surviving site from the International Exhibition movement 1851–1914. It sits adjacent to the Melbourne Museum and is the largest item in Museum Victoria's collection. Today, the building hosts various exhibitions and other events and is closely tied with events at the Melbourne Museum.

  1. ^ "Royal Exhibition building and Carlton Gardens" (PDF). Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens, World Heritage Management Plan" (PDF). October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2018.

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