Battle of Castiglione

Battle of 1796 during the French Revolutionay Wars

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Second Battle of Castiglione
Part of the French Revolutionary Wars
Victor Adam - Battle of Castiglione - 1836.jpg
5 August 1796, approximately 10 hours. Battle of Castiglione. Under the command of Napoleon, Marmont brings artillery onto Mount Medolano while Augereau's division begins the attack in the central plain.
Date5 August 1796
Location
Result French victory
Belligerents
France France Habsburg Monarchy Habsburg Monarchy
Commanders and leaders
Napoleon Bonaparte
Pierre Augereau
André Masséna
Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser
Strength
Battle: 30,000 Battle: 25,000
Casualties and losses
Battle: 1,300 Battle: 3,000, 20 guns

The Battle of Castiglione saw the French Army of Italy under General Napoleon Bonaparte attack an army of Habsburg Monarchy led by Feldmarschall Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser on 5 August 1796. The outnumbered Austrians were defeated and driven back along a line of hills to the river crossing at Borghetto, where they retired beyond the Mincio River. The town of Castiglione delle Stiviere is located 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Lake Garda in northern Italy. This battle was one of four famous victories won by Bonaparte during the War of the First Coalition, part of the Wars of the French Revolution. The others were Bassano, Arcole, and Rivoli.

Castiglione was the first attempt by the Austrian army to break the French Siege of Mantua, which was the primary Austrian fortress in northern Italy. To achieve this goal, Wurmser planned to lead four converging columns against the French. It succeeded insofar as Bonaparte lifted the siege in order to have the manpower sufficient to meet the threat. But his skill and the speed of his troops' march allowed the French army commander to keep the Austrian columns separated and defeat each in detail over a period of about one week. Although the final flank attack was prematurely delivered, it nevertheless resulted in a victory.


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