USS Yorktown

1943 Essex-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy

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USS Yorktown at sea in the Pacific, 1963
USS Yorktown at sea in the Pacific, 1963
History
United States
Name: Yorktown
Namesake: Battle of Yorktown
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding
Laid down: 1 December 1941
Launched: 21 January 1943
Commissioned: 15 April 1943
Decommissioned: 9 January 1947
Recommissioned: 2 January 1953
Decommissioned: 27 June 1970
Reclassified:
  • CVA-10 on 1 October 1952
  • CVS-10 on 1 September 1957
Stricken: 1 June 1973
Nickname(s): The Fighting Lady
Status: Museum ship in Patriots Point in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina
General characteristics As built
Class and type: Essex-class aircraft carrier
Displacement:
Length:
Beam: 93 ft (28.3 m) (waterline)
Draft: 34 ft 2 in (10.41 m) (full load)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 4 × shafts; 4 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range: 14,100 nmi (26,100 km; 16,200 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 2,600 officers and enlisted men
Armament:
Armor:
Aircraft carried: 91–103 aircraft
General characteristics SCB27A Modification
Class and type: none
Displacement:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 28,200 tons standard
  • 40,600 tons full load
Length:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 819 feet 1 inch (250 m) waterline
  • 898 feet 1 inch (274 m) overall
Beam:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 101 feet 5 inches (30.91 m) waterline
  • 151 feet 11 inches (46.30 m) overall
Draft:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 29 feet 8 inches (9.04 m)
Armament:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 8 × single 5-inch (130 mm) 38 caliber guns
  • 14 × twin 3-inch (76 mm) 50 calibre guns
Armor: After SCB-27A modification: Belt replaced by a blister with 60 lb (27 kg) STS
Aircraft carried:
  • After SCB-27A modification:
  • 50 aircraft carried in CVS role and 70 in CVA role
  • 2 × H8 hydraulic catapults added
General characteristics SCB125 Modification
Class and type: none
Displacement:
  • After SCB-125 modification:
  • 30,800 tons standard
  • 41,200 tons full load
Length:
  • After SCB-125 modification
  • 824 feet 6 inches (251 m) waterline
  • 890 feet (270 m) overall
Beam:
  • After SCB-125 modification:
  • 101 feet (31 m) waterline
  • 196 feet (60 m) overall
Draft:
  • After SCB-125 modification:
  • 30 feet 1 inch (9.17 m)
Armament:
  • After SCB-125 modification:
  • 7 × single 5 in (130 mm) 38 caliber guns
  • 4 × twin 3 in (76 mm) 50 caliber guns
USS Yorktown (CV-10)
USS Yorktown (CV-10) is located in South Carolina
USS Yorktown (CV-10)
Nearest cityMount Pleasant, South Carolina
Coordinates32°47′26″N 79°54′31″W / 32.79056°N 79.90861°W / 32.79056; -79.90861Coordinates: 32°47′26″N 79°54′31″W / 32.79056°N 79.90861°W / 32.79056; -79.90861
Built1941
ArchitectNewport News Shipbldg. & Dry Dock
NRHP reference No.82001519
Significant dates
Added to NRHP10 November 1982[1]
Designated NHL19 June 1980[2]

USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers built during World War II for the United States Navy. She was named after the Battle of Yorktown of the American Revolutionary War, and is the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. Initially to have been named Bonhomme Richard, she was renamed Yorktown while still under construction to commemorate the loss of USS Yorktown (CV-5) during the Battle of Midway in June 1942. Yorktown was commissioned in April 1943, and participated in several campaigns in the Pacific Theater of Operations, earning 11 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.

Decommissioned shortly after the end of the war, she was modernized and recommissioned in February 1953 as an attack carrier (CVA), and served with distinction during the Korean War. The ship was later modernized again with a canted deck, eventually becoming an antisubmarine carrier (CVS) and served for many years in the Pacific, including duty in the Vietnam War, during which she earned five battle stars. Late in her career, the carrier served as a recovery ship for the Apollo 8 space mission, and was used in the film Tora! Tora! Tora!, which recreated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and in the science fiction film The Philadelphia Experiment.

Yorktown was decommissioned in 1970 and in 1975 became a museum ship at Patriots Point, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, where she was designated a National Historic Landmark.

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 23 January 2007.
  2. ^ "Yorktown, USS (Aircraft Carrier)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2008.

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  • USS Yorktown (CV-10)

    1943 Essex-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy

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    Cable-stayed bridge over the Cooper River in South Carolina, USA

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