Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia World Heritage Site

World Heritage Site in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Salvador-CCBY10.jpg
LocationSalvador, Bahia, Brazil
Reference309
Inscription1985 (9th session)
Coordinates12°58′S 38°30′W / 12.967°S 38.500°W / -12.967; -38.500Coordinates: 12°58′S 38°30′W / 12.967°S 38.500°W / -12.967; -38.500
Historic Center of Salvador is located in Brazil
Historic Center of Salvador
Location of Historic Center of Salvador in Brazil
Location of Historic Center.
Historic Center and neighborhoods.
Isometric view of the Pelourinho's Anchieta Plaza, cut from a Laser Scan preservationist project conducted by nonprofit CyArk.
View over harbor area and Old Customs House.
Perspective of the Cross and Church of São Francisco in Anchieta Plaza, Pelourinho, created from a Laser Scan preservationist project conducted by nonprofit CyArk.
17th-century colonial governmental building (Câmara) of Salvador.

The Historic Center (US) or Centre (UK; Portuguese: Centro Histórico) of Salvador de Bahia in Brazil, also known as the Pelourinho (Portuguese for "Pillory") or Pelo, is a historic neighborhood in western Salvador, Bahia.[1] It was the city's center during the Portuguese colonial period and was named for the whipping post in its central plaza where enslaved people from Africa were publicly beaten as punishment for alleged infractions. The Historic Center is extremely rich in historical monuments dating from the 17th through the 19th centuries.

Salvador was the first colonial capital of Brazil and the city is one of the oldest in the New World (founded in 1549 by Portuguese settlers). It was also one of the first slave markets on the continent, with slaves arriving to work on the sugar plantations.[2] The area is in the older part of the upper city (Cidade Alta) of Salvador. It encompasses several blocks around the triangular Largo, and it is the location for music, dining and nightlife. It has a place on the national historic register and was named a world cultural center by UNESCO in 1985.[1]

In the 1990s, a $100 million restoration effort led by a conservative political coalition tied to then-governor Antonio Carlos Magalhães resulted in the removal of over 4,000 mainly Afro-Bahian residents and the conversion of a once-vital neighborhood into a pastel-hued tourist attraction.[3]

  1. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference unesco was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference historic was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Collins, John. 2015. Revolt of the Saints: Memory and Redemption in the Twilight of Brazilian Racial Democracy. Durham: Duke University Press

Nearby Places

  • Colonial Brazil

    Portuguese 1500-1822/1825 possession in South America

  • Grupo Gay da Bahia
  • Northeast Region, Brazil

    Region in Brazil

  • Estádio Fonte Nova
  • Salvador, Bahia

    capital city of Bahia state, Brazil

  • Barradão
  • Estádio Parque Santiago
  • Federal University of Bahia
  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Salvador da Bahia
  • Cathedral Basilica of Salvador

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Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia

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