Shalamar Gardens, Lahore World Heritage Site

Garden complex in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Shalamar Gardens
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Reflection of Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building.jpg
LocationLahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Part ofFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iii)
Reference171-002
Inscription1981 (5th session)
Coordinates31°35′09″N 74°22′55″E / 31.58583°N 74.38194°E / 31.58583; 74.38194Coordinates: 31°35′09″N 74°22′55″E / 31.58583°N 74.38194°E / 31.58583; 74.38194
Shalamar Gardens, Lahore is located in Pakistan
Shalamar Gardens, Lahore
Location of Shalamar Gardens, Lahore in Pakistan

The Shalamar Gardens (Punjabi, Urdu: شالامار باغ‎, romanizedShālāmār Bāgh), also known in English as the Shalimar Gardens, are a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. The gardens date from the period when the Mughal Empire was at its artistic and aesthetic zenith,[1] and are now one of Pakistan's most popular tourist destinations.

The Shalamar Gardens were laid out as a Persian paradise garden intended to create a representation of an earthly utopia in which humans co-exist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature.[2] Construction of the gardens began in 1641 during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan,[2] and was completed in 1642.[3] In 1981 the Shalamar Gardens were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they embody Mughal garden design at the apogee of its development.[1]

  1. ^ a b "Fort and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b REHMAN, A. (2009). "CHANGING CONCEPTS OF GARDEN DESIGN IN LAHORE FROM MUGHAL TO CONTEMPORARY TIMES". Garden History. 37 (2): 205–217. JSTOR 27821596.
  3. ^ Shalamar Gardens Gardens of the Mughal Empire. Retrieved 20 June 2012

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