Jongmyo World Heritage Site


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Jongmyo Shrine
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationJongno District, South Korea
CriteriaCultural: (iv)
Inscription1995 (19th session)
Area19.4 ha (48 acres)
Coordinates37°33′N 126°59′E / 37.550°N 126.983°E / 37.550; 126.983Coordinates: 37°33′N 126°59′E / 37.550°N 126.983°E / 37.550; 126.983
Jongmyo is located in South Korea
Location of Jongmyo in South Korea
Revised RomanizationJongmyo

Jongmyo (Hangul: 종묘; Hanja: 宗廟) is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century.[not verified in body] Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived.[not verified in body] The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995.

Jongmyo is adjacent to Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung in the south.[not verified in body] They used to be connected in the Joseon period, but were separated by a road built by Japanese colonialists.[not verified in body] Nowadays[when?] there is a construction plan to recover the original structure of the shrine.[not verified in body] The main buildings of Jongmyo was constructed in October, 1394 when Taejo, first king of Joseon Dynasty, moved the capital to Seoul.[not verified in body] It was destroyed by fire in the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), then rebuilt in 1608.[not verified in body]

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