Yinxu World Heritage Site

Archeological site of the last capital of China's Shang dynasty

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Yinxu
Yinxu.jpg
The ruins of Yin, the capital (1350–1046 BC) of the Shang (Yin) dynasty
Yinxu is located in Henan
Yinxu
Shown within Henan
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Yinxu is located in China
Yinxu
Yinxu (China)
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LocationYindu District, Anyang, Henan, China
Coordinates36°07′36″N 114°18′50″E / 36.12667°N 114.31389°E / 36.12667; 114.31389Coordinates: 36°07′36″N 114°18′50″E / 36.12667°N 114.31389°E / 36.12667; 114.31389
Official nameYin Xu
CriteriaCultural: ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference1114
Inscription2006 (30th session)
Area414 ha
Buffer zone720 ha
Yinxu
Chinese殷墟
Literal meaning"Ruins of Yin"

Yinxu (modern IPA: [ín.ɕý]; Chinese: 殷墟; lit.: 'Ruins of Yin') is the site of one of the ancient and major historical capitals of China. It is the source of the archeological discovery of oracle bones and oracle bone script, which resulted in the identification of the earliest known Chinese writing. The archeological remnants (or ruins) known as Yinxu represent the ancient city of Yin, the last capital of China's Shang dynasty which existed through eight generations for 255 years, and through the reign of 12 kings. Yinxu was discovered, or rediscovered, in 1899. It is now one of China's oldest and largest archeological sites, and has been selected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Yinxu is located in northernmost Henan province near the modern city of Anyang, and near the Hebei and Shanxi province borders. Public access to the site is permitted.


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  • Anyang

    Prefecture-level city in Henan, People's Republic of China

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