Sydney Opera House World Heritage Site

Multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Sydney Opera House
SydneyOperaHouse20182.jpg
Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney
Sydney Opera House
Location in Sydney
Show map of Sydney
Sydney Opera House is located in New South Wales
Sydney Opera House
Location in New South Wales
Show map of New South Wales
Sydney Opera House is located in Australia
Sydney Opera House
Location in Australia
Show map of Australia
General information
StatusComplete
TypePerforming arts centre
Architectural styleExpressionist
LocationBennelong Point, Sydney
CountryAustralia
Coordinates33°51′31″S 151°12′51″E / 33.85861°S 151.21417°E / -33.85861; 151.21417Coordinates: 33°51′31″S 151°12′51″E / 33.85861°S 151.21417°E / -33.85861; 151.21417
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Current tenants
Groundbreaking1 March 1959; 61 years ago (1959-03-01)
Construction started1 March 1959; 61 years ago (1959-03-01)
Completed1973; 47 years ago (1973)
Opened20 October 1973; 47 years ago (1973-10-20)
Inaugurated20 October 1973; 47 years ago (1973-10-20)
CostA$102 million, equivalent to ~A$927 million in 2016[1]
ClientNSW government
OwnerNSW Government
Height65 m (213 ft)
Dimensions
Other dimensions
  • length 183 m (600 ft)
  • width 120 m (394 ft)
  • area 1.8 ha (4.4 acres)
Technical details
Structural systemConcrete frame & precast concrete ribbed roof
Design and construction
ArchitectJørn Utzon
Structural engineerOve Arup & Partners
Main contractorCivil & Civic (level 1), M.R. Hornibrook (level 2 and 3 and interiors)
Other information
Seating capacity
  • Concert Hall 2,679
  • Joan Sutherland Theatre 1,507
  • Drama Theatre 544
  • Playhouse 398
  • The Studio 400
  • Utzon Room 210
  • Total 5,738
Website
sydneyoperahouse.com
TypeCultural
Criteriai
Designated2007 (31st session)
Reference no.166rev
State PartyAustralia
RegionAsia-Pacific
TypeHistoric
Criteriaa, b, e, f, g, h
Designated12 July 2005; 15 years ago (2005-07-12)
Reference no.105738
TypeBuilt
Criteriaa, b, c, d, e, f, g
Designated3 December 2003; 16 years ago (2003-12-03)
Reference no.01685
References
Coordinates[2]

The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre at Sydney Harbour located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is one of the 20th century's most famous and distinctive buildings.[3]

Designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon, but completed by an Australian architectural team headed up by Peter Hall, the building was formally opened on 20 October 1973[4] after a gestation beginning with Utzon's 1957 selection as winner of an international design competition. The Government of New South Wales, led by the premier, Joseph Cahill, authorised work to begin in 1958 with Utzon directing construction. The government's decision to build Utzon's design is often overshadowed by circumstances that followed, including cost and scheduling overruns as well as the architect's ultimate resignation.[5]

The building and its surrounds occupy the whole of Bennelong Point on Sydney Harbour, between Sydney Cove and Farm Cove, adjacent to the Sydney central business district and the Royal Botanic Gardens, and close by the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

The building comprises multiple performance venues, which together host well over 1,500 performances annually, attended by more than 1.2 million people.[6] Performances are presented by numerous performing artists, including three resident companies: Opera Australia, the Sydney Theatre Company and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. As one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia, the site is visited by more than eight million people annually, and approximately 350,000 visitors take a guided tour of the building each year.[7] The building is managed by the Sydney Opera House Trust, an agency of the New South Wales State Government.

The Sydney Opera House during sunrise

On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House became a UNESCO World Heritage Site,[8] having been listed on the (now defunct) Register of the National Estate since 1980, the National Trust of Australia register since 1983, the City of Sydney Heritage Inventory since 2000, the New South Wales State Heritage Register since 2003, and the Australian National Heritage List since 2005.[9][10] Furthermore, the Opera House was a finalist in the New7Wonders of the World campaign list.[11][12][13]

  1. ^ "Inflation Calculator". RBA. 14 February 1966. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  2. ^ Topographic maps 1:100000 9130 Sydney and 1:25000 91303N Parramatta River
  3. ^ Environment, Department of the (23 April 2008). "World Heritage Places – The Sydney Opera House – World Heritage values". www.environment.gov.au. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Sydney Opera House history". Sydney Opera House Official Site. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  5. ^ "2003 Laureate". The Pritzker Architecture Prize. The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Sydney Opera House 2015 Annual Report – Performing Arts" (PDF). Retrieved 19 December 2015.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "How do you value an icon? The Sydney Opera House: economic, cultural and digital value" (PDF). Deloite Access Economics. 2010. p. 70. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  8. ^ Braithwaite, David (28 June 2007). "Opera House wins top status". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
  9. ^ "Sydney Opera House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01685. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Sydney Opera House, 2 Circular Quay East, Sydney, NSW, Australia". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government. 12 July 2005. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  11. ^ "New7Wonders of the World". World of New7Wonders.
  12. ^ "Sydney Opera House short-listed for new 'Seven Wonders'". ABC News.
  13. ^ "The all new seven wonders of the world". The Telegraph.

Nearby Places

  • Sydney Opera House

    Performing arts centre in Sydney, Australia

  • Sydney Cove

    Bay in Sydney Harbour, Australia

  • Circular Quay

    Locality in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

  • The Rocks, New South Wales

    Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

  • Circular Quay railway station
  • Royal Automobile Club of Australia
  • Bennelong Point
  • Australian Youth Orchestra
  • Farm Cove, New South Wales
  • Museum of Contemporary Art Australia

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