Cyrene World Heritage Site

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Cyrene
Κυρήνη
Cyrene8.jpg
The ruins of Cyrene
Cyrene, Libya is located in Libya
Cyrene, Libya
Shown within Libya
LocationShahhat, Jabal al Akhdar, Cyrenaica, Libya
RegionJebel Akhdar
Coordinates32°49′30″N 21°51′29″E / 32.82500°N 21.85806°E / 32.82500; 21.85806Coordinates: 32°49′30″N 21°51′29″E / 32.82500°N 21.85806°E / 32.82500; 21.85806
TypeSettlement
History
BuilderColonists from Thera led by Battus I
Founded631 BC
Abandoned4th century AD
PeriodsArchaic Greece to Roman Empire
Site notes
Official nameArchaeological Site of Cyrene
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iii, vi
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no.190
RegionArab States

Cyrene (/sˈrn/; Ancient Greek: Κυρήνη, romanizedKyrēnē; Standard Arabic: شحات‎, romanized: shahat) was an ancient Greek and later Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya. It was the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region. It gave eastern Libya the classical name Cyrenaica that it has retained to modern times. Located nearby is the ancient Necropolis of Cyrene.

Cyrene lies in a lush valley in the Jebel Akhdar uplands. The city was named after a spring, Kyre, which the Greeks consecrated to Apollo. It was also the seat of the Cyrenaics, a famous school of philosophy in the fourth century BC, founded by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates.


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