Cologne Cathedral World Heritage Site

Roman-Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Germany

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Cologne Cathedral
  • Hohe Domkirche St. Petrus  (German)
  • Kölner Dom  (German)
Kölner Dom von Osten.jpg
Cologne Cathedral from the east
Coordinates: 50°56′29″N 6°57′29″E / 50.94129°N 6.95817°E / 50.94129; 6.95817
LocationCologne
CountryGermany
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitekoelner-dom.de
History
StatusCathedral
DedicationSaint Peter
Architecture
Functional statusActive
StyleGothic
Years built1248–1560
1842–1880
1950s–present (restoration)
Specifications
Length144.5 metres (474 ft)[1]
Width86.25 m (283.0 ft)[1]
Number of spires2
Spire height157 m (515 ft)[1]
Bells11
Administration
ArchdioceseCologne
ProvinceCologne
Clergy
ProvostGuido Assmann[3]
Vice-provostRobert Kleine
Vicar(s)Tobias Hopmann[2]
Laity
Director of musicEberhard Metternich
Organist(s)Prof. Dr. Winfried Bönig
Organ scholarUlrich Brüggemann
Building details
Record height
Tallest in the world from 1880 to 1890[I]
Preceded byRouen Cathedral
Surpassed byUlm Minster
Height
Antenna spire157.4 m (516 ft)
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iv
Reference292
Inscription1996 (20th session)
Endangered2004-2006

Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and of the administration of the Archdiocese of Cologne. It is a renowned monument of German Catholicism and Gothic architecture and was declared a World Heritage Site[4] in 1996.[5] It is Germany's most visited landmark, attracting an average of 20,000 people a day.[6] At 157 m (515 ft), the cathedral is currently the tallest twin-spired church in the world, the second tallest church in Europe after Ulm Minster, and the third tallest church in the world.[7] It is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires. The towers for its two huge spires give the cathedral the largest façade of any church in the world. The choir has the largest height to width ratio, 3.6:1, of any medieval church.[8][page needed]

Construction of Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 but was halted in the years around 1560,[9] unfinished. Work did not restart until the 1840s, and the edifice was completed to its original Medieval plan in 1880.[10]

Cologne's medieval builders had planned a grand structure to house the reliquary of the Three Kings and fit its role as a place of worship for the Holy Roman Emperor. Despite having been left incomplete during the medieval period, Cologne Cathedral eventually became unified as "a masterpiece of exceptional intrinsic value" and "a powerful testimony to the strength and persistence of Christian belief in medieval and modern Europe".[4]

  1. ^ a b c "Cologne Cathedral official website". Koelner-dom.de. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
  2. ^ "Domkapitel". Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  3. ^ erzbistum-koeln.de: Monsignore Guido Assmann wird neuer Dompropst, 29. Mai 2020.
  4. ^ a b "UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Cologne Cathedral". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
  5. ^ "Cologne Cathedral". www.cologne-tourism.com. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  6. ^ A Little Closer to Heaven Archived 14 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine, the official movie, Cologne Cathedral website. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  7. ^ "Kölner Dom". www.koelner-dom.de. Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  8. ^ Fletcher, Banister (1905). A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method. Scribner's Sons.
  9. ^ Leonard Ennen, Der Dom in Köln von seinem Beginne bis zu seiner Vollendung: Festschrift gewidmet den Freunden und Gönnern aus Anlass der Vollendung vom Verstande des Central-Dombauvereins, 1880, p. 79
  10. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Cologne Cathedral – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 11 February 2016.

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