|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Includes||Citadel of Aleppo, Al-Madina Souq|
|Inscription||1986 (10th session)|
|Area||364 ha (1.41 sq mi)|
The Ancient City of Aleppo (Arabic: مدينة حلب القديمة, romanized: Madīnat Ḥalab al-Qadīma) is the historic city centre of Aleppo, Syria. Before the Syrian Civil War, many districts of the ancient city remained essentially unchanged since its construction during the 12th to the 16th century. Being subjected to constant invasions and political instability, the inhabitants of the city were forced to build cell-like quarters and districts that were socially and economically independent. Each district was characterized by the religious and ethnic characteristics of its inhabitants.
The Old City of Aleppo – composed of the ancient city within the walls and the old cell-like quarters outside the walls – has an approximate area of 350 hectares (860 acres; 3.5 km2), housing more than 120,000 residents.
Many sections in the Al-Madina Souq and other medieval buildings in the ancient city were destroyed and ruined or burnt as a result of clashes between the Syrian Arab Army and the rebel forces of Jabhat al-Nusra, in what is called the Battle of Aleppo, launched by the opposition JN armed groups on 25 September 2012. In February 2014, the opposition groups of the Islamic Front claimed responsibility for destroying a series of major historic buildings being used as fortified bases by the Syrian Army in the old city including the justice palace, the Carlton hotel and the old building of the city council.
30% of the Ancient City of Aleppo has been destroyed in the fighting.
- bleeker. "Alepposeife: Aleppo history". Historische-aleppo-seife.de. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- "eAleppo:Aleppo city major plans throughout the history" (in Arabic).
- "Fighting in Aleppo starts fire in medieval souks". Kyivpost.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- Bombing of the justice palace
- Bombing of Carlton hotel
- Bombing of the city council
Siege of Aleppo (637)
Central Synagogue of Aleppo
Bab al-Faraj (Aleppo)
Gate of Aleppo, Syria
Great Mosque of Aleppo
Mosque in Aleppo
Madrassah school in Aleppo, Syria
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