Palace of Versailles

Palace in Versailles, France and location of the Museum of the History of France

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Palace of Versailles
Château de Versailles
Versailles-Chateau-Jardins02 (cropped).jpg
Chateau Versailles Galerie des Glaces.jpg
Gardens of Versailles 凡爾賽花園 - panoramio.jpg
General information
LocationVersailles, France
Coordinates48°48′17″N 2°07′13″E / 48.8048°N 2.1203°E / 48.8048; 2.1203Coordinates: 48°48′17″N 2°07′13″E / 48.8048°N 2.1203°E / 48.8048; 2.1203
Technical details
Floor area67,000 m² (721,182 ft²)
Website
en.chateauversailles.fr
Official namePalace and Park of Versailles
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, vi
Reference83
Inscription1979 (3rd session)
Area1,070 ha
Buffer zone9,467 ha

The Palace of Versailles (/vɛərˈs, vɜːrˈs/ vair-SY, vur-SY;[1] French: Château de Versailles [ʃɑto d(ə) vɛʁsɑj] (About this soundlisten)) was the principal royal residence of France from 1682, under Louis XIV, until the start of the French Revolution in 1789, under Louis XVI. It is located in the department of Yvelines, in the region of Île-de-France, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of the centre of Paris.[2]

A simple hunting lodging and later a small château with a moat occupied the site until 1661, when the first work expanding the château into a palace was carried out for Louis XIV. In 1682, when the palace had become large enough, the king moved the entire royal court and the French government to Versailles. Some of the palace furniture at this time was constructed of solid silver, but in 1689 much of it was melted down to pay for the cost of war. Subsequent rulers mostly carried out interior remodeling, to meet the demands of changing taste, although Louis XV did install an opera house at the north end of the north wing for the wedding of the Dauphin and Marie Antoinette in 1770. The palace has also been a site of historical importance. The Peace of Paris (1783) was signed at Versailles, the Proclamation of the German Empire occurred in the vaunted Hall of Mirrors, and World War I was ended in the palace with the Treaty of Versailles, among many other events.

The palace is now a historical monument and UNESCO World Heritage site, notable especially for the ceremonial Hall of Mirrors, the jewel-like Royal Opera, and the royal apartments; for the more intimate royal residences, the Grand Trianon and Petit Trianon located within the park; the small rustic Hameau (Hamlet) created for Marie Antoinette; and the vast Gardens of Versailles with fountains, canals, and geometric flower beds and groves, laid out by André le Nôtre. The Palace was stripped of all its furnishings after the French Revolution, but many pieces have been returned and many of the palace rooms have been restored.

In 2017 the Palace of Versailles received 7,700,000 visitors, making it the second-most visited monument in the Île-de-France region, just behind the Louvre and ahead of the Eiffel Tower.[3]

After 82 days of closure[4] due to the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020, the Palace of Versailles has re-opened to the public again.

  1. ^ Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. ^ point zero at square in front of Notre Dame
  3. ^ Annual Report of the Regional Committee on Tourism of the Ile-de-France Region, cited in La Croix, 22 February 2018.
  4. ^ "France's Versailles Palace re-opens after Covid-19 lockdown". France 24. 5 June 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.

Nearby Places

  • Versailles, Yvelines

    Prefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

  • Palace of Versailles

    French palace on the outskirts of Paris

  • Tennis Court Oath

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  • Seine-et-Oise
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    Grand central gallery in the Palace of Versailles

  • Grand Trianon
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  • Arrondissement of Versailles

    Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

  • 8th G7 summit
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