Ming Xiaoling World Heritage Site

Mausoleum of the Hongwu Emperor

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Ming Xiaoling
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Nanjing Ming Xiaoling 2017.11.11 08-10-27.jpg
Ming Lou, the main building of Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Official nameXiaoling Tomb including area from Treasure Mound to Shenlieshan Stele, including Plum Blossom Hill, and Big Golden Gate
LocationXuanwu District, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Part ofImperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
CriteriaCultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Reference1004ter-005
Inscription2000 (24th session)
Extensions2003, 2004
Area116 ha (290 acres)
Coordinates32°03′30″N 118°50′23″E / 32.058271°N 118.839631°E / 32.058271; 118.839631 (Xiaoling Dian, Ming Xiaoling Maosoleum)Coordinates: 32°03′30″N 118°50′23″E / 32.058271°N 118.839631°E / 32.058271; 118.839631 (Xiaoling Dian, Ming Xiaoling Maosoleum)
Ming Xiaoling is located in Nanjing
Ming Xiaoling
Location of Ming Xiaoling in Nanjing
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Ming Xiaoling is located in Jiangsu
Ming Xiaoling
Ming Xiaoling (Jiangsu)
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The Ming Xiaoling (Chinese: 明孝陵; pinyin: Míng Xiào Líng; lit.: 'Filial mausoleum of Ming') is the mausoleum of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty. It lies at the southern foot of Purple Mountain, located east of the historical centre of Nanjing. Legend says that in order to prevent robbery of the tomb, 13 identical processions of funeral troops started from 13 city gates to obscure the real burying site.[1]

The construction of the mausoleum began during the Hongwu Emperor's life in 1381 and ended in 1405, during the reign of his son the Yongle Emperor, with a huge expenditure of resources involving 100,000 labourers. The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometres long. The mausoleum was built under heavy guard of 5,000 troops.


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