Joya de Cerén World Heritage Site

Archaeological site in La Libertad Department, El Salvador

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Joya de Cerén
ES Joya Ceren 05 2012 Estructura 9 Area 2 Tamazcal wide angle 1479.JPG
Remains of the Maya village of Joya de Cerén, 2012
Joya de Cerén is located in Mesoamerica
Joya de Cerén
Location of the site
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Joya de Cerén is located in El Salvador
Joya de Cerén
Joya de Cerén (El Salvador)
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LocationLa Libertad Department, El Salvador
Coordinates13°49′39″N 89°22′09″W / 13.82750°N 89.36917°W / 13.82750; -89.36917
History
CulturesMaya civilization
Official nameJoya de Ceren Archaeological Site
TypeCultural
Criteriaiii, iv
Designated1993 (17th session)
Reference no.675
State PartyEl Salvador
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

Joya de Cerén (Jewel of Cerén in the Spanish language) is an archaeological site in La Libertad Department, El Salvador, featuring a pre-Columbian Maya farming village. The ancient Maya site of Joya de Cerén is located in the Zapotitán Valley, 36 kilometers northwest of San Salvador, El Salvador.[1] It is often referred to as the "Pompeii of the Americas", in comparison to the famed Ancient Roman ruins.

This site is known for the excellent preservation of a Classic period settlement that was rapidly buried by the ashfall of an eruption of the Loma Caldera around AD 600.[2] The relative abundance of paleoethnobotanical remains recovered at Joya de Cerén in comparison to other ancient Maya archaeological sites make Joya de Cerén particularly significant in the study of everyday life of ancient Maya agricultural communities. Of importance was the discovery of a manioc field, the first instance of manioc cultivation identified at a New World archaeological site.[3] The site was thought to have been settled between AD 200 and AD 600.[4] Joya de Cerén was entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993 and is a major tourist attraction in El Salvador.[5]

  1. ^ Castellanos, p. 94.
  2. ^ Conyers, pp. 377-378.
  3. ^ CU team discovers Mayan crop system. Archived 2015-07-15 at the Wayback Machine University of Colorado at Boulder, June 16, 2009
  4. ^ Castellanos, p. 94.
  5. ^ Castellanos, p. 94.

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Nearby Places

  • La Libertad Department (El Salvador)

    Department of El Salvador

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  • Opico

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  • San Matías, La Libertad

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