Philae World Heritage Site

Island in Nile, Egypt

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Philae
Greek: Φιλαί; Arabic: فيلة‎; Coptic: ⲡⲓⲗⲁⲕ
The-Temple-of-Philae-on-Agilika-Island.jpg
The temple of Isis from Philae at its current location on Agilkia Island in Lake Nasser
Philae is located in Egypt
Philae
Shown within Egypt
LocationAswan, Aswan Governorate, Egypt
RegionNubia
Coordinates24°1′15″N 32°53′22″E / 24.02083°N 32.88944°E / 24.02083; 32.88944Coordinates: 24°1′15″N 32°53′22″E / 24.02083°N 32.88944°E / 24.02083; 32.88944
TypeSanctuary
History
BuilderTaharqa or Psamtik II
Founded7th or 6th century BC
Abandoned6th century AD
PeriodsThird Intermediate Period or Late Period to Byzantine Empire
Official nameNubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
TypeCultural
Criteriai, iii, vi
Designated1979 (3rd session)
Reference no.88
RegionArab States

Philae (/ˈfl/; Greek: Φιλαί or Φιλή and Πιλάχ, Arabic: فيلة‎  Egyptian Arabic: [fiːlæ], Egyptian: p3-jw-rķ' or 'pA-jw-rq; Coptic: ⲡⲓⲗⲁⲕ, ⲡⲓⲗⲁⲕϩ)[1][2] is an island in the reservoir of the Aswan Low Dam, downstream of the Aswan Dam and Lake Nasser, Egypt. Philae was originally located near the expansive First Cataract of the Nile in Upper Egypt and was the site of an Egyptian temple complex. These rapids and the surrounding area have been variously flooded since the initial construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1902.[3] The temple complex was dismantled and moved to nearby Agilkia Island as part of the UNESCO Nubia Campaign project, protecting this and other complexes before the 1970 completion of the Aswan High Dam.[4] The hieroglyphic reliefs of the temple complex are being studied and published by the Philae Temple Text Project of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna (Institute OREA).

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Gauthier30 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Holger, Kockelmann (2012-04-24). "Philae". In Wendrich, Willeke; et al. (eds.). UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology. 1.
  3. ^ "Milestones in Archaeology: a Chronological Encyclopedia", Tim Murray, P464, ABC-CLIO, 2007ISBN 1-57607-186-3
  4. ^ The Rescue of Nubian Monuments and Sites, UNESCO project site about Nubia Campaign.

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