Göbekli Tepe World Heritage Site

Prehistoric archaeological site in Turkey and UNESCO World Heritage Site

2,783 Users like

Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe, Urfa.jpg
The ruins of Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe is located in Turkey
Göbekli Tepe
Shown within Turkey
Show map of Turkey
Göbekli Tepe is located in Near East
Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe (Near East)
Show map of Near East
Göbekli Tepe is located in Eastern Mediterranean
Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe (Eastern Mediterranean)
Show map of Eastern Mediterranean
LocationÖrencik, Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey
Coordinates37°13′23″N 38°55′21″E / 37.22306°N 38.92250°E / 37.22306; 38.92250Coordinates: 37°13′23″N 38°55′21″E / 37.22306°N 38.92250°E / 37.22306; 38.92250
Foundedpre-10th millennium BCE
Abandoned8th millennium BCE
PeriodsPre-Pottery Neolithic A to B
Site notes
ConditionWell preserved
Official nameGöbekli Tepe
Criteria(i), (ii), (iv)
Designated2018 (42nd session)
Reference no.1572
State PartyTurkey
RegionWestern Asia

Göbekli Tepe (Turkish: [ɟœbecˈli teˈpe],[1] "Potbelly Hill")[2] is an archaeological site in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey approximately 12 km (7 mi) northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa. The tell (artificial mound) has a height of 15 m (50 ft) and is about 300 m (1,000 ft) in diameter.[3] It is approximately 760 m (2,500 ft) above sea level.

The tell includes two phases of use, believed to be of a social or ritual nature by site discoverer and excavator Klaus Schmidt,[4] dating back to the 10th–8th millennium BCE.[5] During the first phase, belonging to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA), circles of massive 'T'-shaped stone pillars were erected—the world's oldest known megaliths.[6]

More than 200 pillars in about 20 circles are known (as of May 2020) through geophysical surveys. Each pillar has a height of up to 6 m (20 ft) and weighs up to 10 tons. They are fitted into sockets that were hewn out of the local bedrock.[7] In the second phase, belonging to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB), the erected pillars are smaller and stood in rectangular rooms with floors of polished lime. The site was abandoned after the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB). Younger structures date to classical times.

The details of the structure's function remain a mystery. The excavations have been ongoing since 1996 by the German Archaeological Institute, but large parts still remain unexcavated. In 2018, the site was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[8]

  1. ^ "Göbekli Tepe". Forvo Pronunciation Dictionary.
  2. ^ "History in the Remaking". Newsweek. 18 February 2010.
  3. ^ Klaus Schmidt (2009) "Göbekli Tepe – Eine Beschreibung der wichtigsten Befunde erstellt nach den Arbeiten der Grabungsteams der Jahre 1995–2007"; Erste Tempel – Frühe Siedlungen; 12000 Jahre Kunst und Kultur; Oldenburg; p. 188
  4. ^ Curry, Andrew (November 2008). "Göbekli Tepe: The World's First Temple?". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  5. ^ Oliver Dietrich; Jens Notroff (2015). "A sanctuary, or so fair a house? In defense of an archaeology of cult at Pre-Pottery Neolithic Gobekli Tepe". In Laneri, Nicola (ed.). Defining the Sacred: Approaches to the Archaeology of Religion in the Near East. Oxbow Books. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-78297-685-1. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  6. ^ Sagona, Claudia (25 August 2015). The Archaeology of Malta. Cambridge University Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-1107006690. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  7. ^ Curry, Andrew (November 2008). "Gobekli Tepe: The World's First Temple?". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Göbekli Tepe". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 1 July 2018.

Search News

Nearby Places

  • Göbekli Tepe

    archaeological and UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • Şanlıurfa (electoral district)

    Electoral district for the Grand National Assembly of Turkey

Explore nearby popular places

Göbekli Tepe
eg: Hotel

Share this page