Elmina Castle World Heritage Site

Fort and former trading post in Elmina, Ghana

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Elmina Castle
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Elmina Castle - Ghana.jpg
Official nameElmina Castle (St. George's Castle / Fort St. Jorge)
LocationElmina, Central Region, Ghana
Part ofForts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions
CriteriaCultural: (vi)
Reference34-011
Inscription1979 (3rd session)
Coordinates5°04′57″N 1°20′53″W / 5.0826°N 1.3481°W / 5.0826; -1.3481Coordinates: 5°04′57″N 1°20′53″W / 5.0826°N 1.3481°W / 5.0826; -1.3481
Elmina Castle is located in Ghana
Elmina Castle
Location of Elmina Castle in Ghana
St. George Castle
Elmina Castle in the Blaeu-Van der Hem Atlas.

Elmina Castle was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (St. George of the Mine Castle), also known as Castelo da Mina or simply Mina (or Feitoria da Mina), in present-day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast). It was the first trading post built on the Gulf of Guinea, and the oldest European building in existence south of the Sahara.[1] First established as a trade settlement, the castle later became one of the most important stops on the route of the Atlantic slave trade. The Dutch seized the fort from the Portuguese in 1637, after an unsuccessful attempt to the same extent in 1596, and took over all of the Portuguese Gold Coast in 1642. The slave trade continued under the Dutch until 1814. In 1872, the Dutch Gold Coast, including the fort, became a possession of Great Britain.[2]

The Gold Coast, which is now Ghana, gained its independence in 1957 from Britain, and had control of the castle.[3] Elmina Castle is a historical site, and was a major filming location for Werner Herzog's 1987 drama film Cobra Verde. The castle is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[4]

  1. ^ "Elmina Castle - Castles, Palaces and Fortresses". www.everycastle.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  2. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Elmina Castle - Ghana". ElminaCastle.info. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Elmina Castle, Ghana". www.ghana.photographers-resource.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.

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