Temples of Abu Simbel World Heritage Site

Temples in Egypt

Abu Simbel temples
Panorama Abu Simbel crop.jpg
The Great Temple of Ramesses II (left) and the Small Temple of Hathor and Nefertari (right).
Abu Simbel temples is located in Egypt
Abu Simbel temples
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Abu Simbel temples is located in Northeast Africa
Abu Simbel temples
Abu Simbel temples (Northeast Africa)
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LocationAswan Governorate, Egypt
Coordinates22°20′13″N 31°37′32″E / 22.33694°N 31.62556°E / 22.33694; 31.62556Coordinates: 22°20′13″N 31°37′32″E / 22.33694°N 31.62556°E / 22.33694; 31.62556
BuilderRamesses II
FoundedApproximately 1264 BC
PeriodsNew Kingdom of Egypt
Official nameNubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
Criteriai, iii, vi
Designated1979 (3rd session)
Reference no.88
RegionArab States

The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel (Arabic: أبو سمبل‎), a village in Aswan Governorate, Upper Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km (140 mi) southwest of Aswan (about 300 km (190 mi) by road). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments",[1] which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan). The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC, during the 19th dynasty reign of the Pharaoh Ramesses II. They serve as a lasting monument to the king and his queen Nefertari, and commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. Their huge external rock relief figures have become iconic.

The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968 under the supervision of a Polish archaeologist, Kazimierz Michałowski from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology University of Warsaw,[2] on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary or they would have been submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the River Nile. The project was carried out as part of the UNESCO Nubian Salvage Campaign.[1][2]

  1. ^ a b Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  2. ^ a b "Abu Simbel". pcma.uw.edu.pl. Retrieved 2020-08-05.

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