Peterhof Palace World Heritage Site

Imperial palace in Russia

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Peterhof Palace
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (44408938295).jpg
Official nameHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
CriteriaCultural: (i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
Reference540bis
Inscription1990 (14th session)
Area3,934.1 ha
Aerial view of Peterhof Palace (main building) and the upper garden

The Peterhof Palace (Russian: Петерго́ф, IPA: [pʲɪtʲɪrˈɡof],[1] (an emulation of early modern Dutch "Piterhof", meaning "Peter's Court")[2], is a series of palaces and gardens located in Petergof, Saint Petersburg, Russia, commissioned by Peter the Great as a direct response to the Palace of Versailles by Louis XIV of France.[3] Originally intending it in 1709 for country habitation, Peter the Great sought to expand the property as a result of his visit to the French royal court in 1717,[3] inspiring the nickname of "The Russian Versailles".[4] The architect between 1714 and 1728 was Domenico Trezzini, and the style he employed became the foundation for the Petrine Baroque style favored throughout Saint Petersburg.[5] Also in 1714, Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond, likely chosen due to his previous collaborations[6] with Versailles landscaper André Le Nôtre, designed the gardens. Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli completed an expansion from 1747 to 1756 for Elizabeth of Russia. The palace-ensemble along with the city center is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  1. ^ h⟩ is commonly/historically transliterated into Russian as ⟨г⟩ (g), so DutchPeterhof is transliterated as "Петергoф" Petergof.
  2. ^ Adrian Room, "Petrodvorets", Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for over 5000 Natural Features, Countries, Capitals, Territories, Cities and Historic sites (1997)
  3. ^ a b "Peterhof | Russia". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. 2015-06-09. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  4. ^ "Peterhof (Petrodvorets)". Saint-Petersburg.com. 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  5. ^ "Biography of Domenico Trezzini, architect in St. Petersburg". www.saint-petersburg.com. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  6. ^ "Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste Le Blond | French landscape designer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-11-17.

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Nearby Places

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    Municipal town in Saint Petersburg, Russia

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