Classical Gardens of Suzhou World Heritage Site

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Classical Gardens of Suzhou
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Youyicun garden.jpg
Lingering Garden in Suzhou
LocationSuzhou, Jiangsu, China
CriteriaCultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
Inscription1997 (21st session)
Area11.922 ha (29.46 acres)
Buffer zone26.839 ha (66.32 acres)
Coordinates31°19′N 120°27′E / 31.317°N 120.450°E / 31.317; 120.450Coordinates: 31°19′N 120°27′E / 31.317°N 120.450°E / 31.317; 120.450
Classical Gardens of Suzhou is located in Jiangsu
Classical Gardens of Suzhou
Location of Classical Gardens of Suzhou in Jiangsu
Show map of Jiangsu
Classical Gardens of Suzhou is located in China
Classical Gardens of Suzhou
Classical Gardens of Suzhou (China)
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The Classical Gardens of Suzhou are a group of gardens in Suzhou region, Jiangsu province, China, which have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Spanning a period of almost one thousand years, from the Northern Song to the late Qing dynasties (11th-19th century), these gardens, most of them built by scholars, standardized many of the key features of classical Chinese garden design with constructed landscapes mimicking natural scenery of rocks, hills and rivers with strategically located pavilions and pagodas.[1]

The elegant aesthetics and subtlety of these scholars' gardens and their delicate style and features are often imitated by various gardens in other parts of China, including the various Imperial Gardens, such as those in the Chengde Mountain Resort.[2] According to UNESCO, the gardens of Suzhou "represent the development of Chinese landscape garden design over more than two thousand years,"[3] and they are the "most refined form" of garden art.[3]

These landscape gardens flourished in the mid-Ming to early-Qing dynasties, resulting in as much as 200 private gardens.[1] Today, there are 69 preserved gardens in Suzhou,[4] and all of them are designated as protected "National Heritage Sites."[5] In 1997 and 2000, eight of the finest gardens in Suzhou along with one in the nearby ancient town of Tongli were selected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site to represent the art of Suzhou-style classical gardens.[4]

Famous Suzhou garden designers include Zhang Liang, Ji Cheng, Ge Yuliang, and Chen Congzhou.

  1. ^ a b "Classical Gardens". Archived from the original on 2012-08-24. Retrieved 2012-12-01.
  2. ^ Liu, Dunzhen and Joseph C. Wang (1993). Chinese classical gardens of Suzhou. McGraw-Hill. p. 12.
  3. ^ a b "World Heritage List (Suzhou)". UNESCO Advisory Body Evaluation. 1996-07-26. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ a b Robert Ivy, FAIA. "I.M. Pei returns to his family's hometown in China and designs the Suzhou Museum for a sensitive, historic site". Architectural Record.
  5. ^ "Flowing Serenity - The Chinese Garden". Emel magazine Issue 73 October 2010.

Nearby Places

  • Humble Administrator's Garden
  • Suzhou Museum
  • Xuanmiao Temple
  • Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty
  • Soochow University (Suzhou)
  • Pingjiang District

    former district of Suzhou, Jiangsu, China

  • Lion Grove Garden
  • Couple's Retreat Garden
  • Suzhou Silk Museum
  • Garden of Pleasance

Explore nearby popular places

Classical Gardens of Suzhou
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