Notre-Dame d'Amiens World Heritage Site

Cathedral located in Somme, in France

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Amiens Cathedral
Cathedral of Our Lady of Amiens
French: Notre-Dame d'Amiens
0 Amiens - Cathédrale Notre-Dame (1).JPG
Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral is located in France
Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral
49°53′42″N 2°18′08″E / 49.89500°N 2.30222°E / 49.89500; 2.30222Coordinates: 49°53′42″N 2°18′08″E / 49.89500°N 2.30222°E / 49.89500; 2.30222
LocationAmiens
Country France
DenominationRoman Catholic Church
Websitewww.cathedrale-amiens.fr
History
StatusCathedral
Relics heldAlleged head of John the Baptist
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Architect(s)Robert of Luzarches
Thomas and Regnault de Cormont[1]
StyleHigh Gothic
Years built13th century
Specifications
Length145 m (476 ft)
Width70 m (230 ft)
Nave width14.60 m (47.9 ft)[2]
Height42.30 m (138.8 ft)
Other dimensionsFaçade: NW
Floor area7,700 square meters
Number of spires1
Spire height112.70 m (369.8 ft)[2]
Administration
DioceseAmiens
ProvinceReims
Clergy
Bishop(s)Bishop Jean-Luc Bouilleret[3]
Official nameAmiens Cathedral
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii
Designated1981[4]
Reference no.162
State PartyFrance
RegionEurope and North America
Session5th
Official nameCathédrale Notre-Dame
Designated1862
Reference no.PA00116046[1]
DenominationÉglise

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Amiens (French: Basilique Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens), or simply Amiens Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church. The cathedral is the seat of the Bishop of Amiens. It is situated on a slight ridge overlooking the River Somme in Amiens, the administrative capital of the Picardy region of France, some 120 kilometres (75 miles) north of Paris.

The cathedral was built almost entirely between 1220 and c. 1270, a remarkably short period of time for a Gothic cathedral, giving it an unusual unity of style. Amiens is a classic example of the High Gothic style of Gothic architecture. [5] It also has some features of the later Rayonnant style in the enlarged high windows of the choir added in the mid-1250s.[5]

Its builders were trying to maximize the internal dimensions in order to reach for the heavens and bring in more light. As a result, Amiens cathedral is the largest in France,[6] 200,000 cubic metres (260,000 cu yd), large enough to contain two cathedrals the size of Notre Dame of Paris.[7]

The cathedral has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.[8] Although it has lost much of its original stained glass, Amiens Cathedral is renowned for the quality and quantity of early 13th-century Gothic sculpture in the main west façade and the south transept portal, and a large quantity of polychrome sculpture from later periods inside the building.

  1. ^ a b Mérimée database 1992
  2. ^ a b "Chronologie". Monumentshistoriques.free.fr. 18 April 1928. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Bishop Jean-Luc Marie Maurice Louis Bouilleret". Catholic-Hierarchy.com. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  5. ^ a b Watkin (1986), p. 134. sfn error: no target: CITEREFWatkin_(1986) (help)
  6. ^ Mignon 2015, p. 28. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMignon2015 (help)
  7. ^ Lours 2018, p. 41.
  8. ^ For the UNESCO citation details see https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/162

Nearby Places

  • Amiens

    Prefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

  • Amiens Cathedral

    Church in Amiens, France

  • Arrondissement of Amiens

    Arrondissement in Hauts-de-France, France

  • Amiens station
  • Saint-Roch station (Somme)
  • Battle of the Avre

    A battle during the First World War

  • University of Picardy Jules Verne
  • Stade de la Licorne
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    Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

  • Longueau station

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