Busch Memorial Stadium

Former stadium in St. Louis, Missouri

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Busch Memorial Stadium
Busch Stadium II
BuschMemorialStadium.jpg
Chicago Bears at St Louis Cardinals 9 25 77.jpg
April 2005 (above) and September 1977
Former namesCivic Center Busch Memorial Stadium (1966–1981)
Busch Stadium (1982–2005)
Location250 Stadium Plaza
St. Louis, Missouri
Coordinates38°37′26″N 90°11′33″W / 38.62389°N 90.19250°W / 38.62389; -90.19250Coordinates: 38°37′26″N 90°11′33″W / 38.62389°N 90.19250°W / 38.62389; -90.19250
OwnerSt. Louis Cardinals
OperatorSt. Louis Cardinals
CapacityBaseball: 49,676 (1997–2005)
57,676 (1966–1996)
Football: 60,000
Field sizeLeft Field – 330 ft (101 m)
Left-Center – 372 ft (113 m)
Center Field – 402 ft (123 m)
Right-Center – 372 ft (113 m)
Right Field – 330 ft (101 m)
Backstop – 64 ft (20 m)

Original Dimensions (1966)
Left Field – 330 ft (101 m)
Left-Center – 386 ft (118 m)
Center Field – 414 ft (126 m)
Right-Center – 386 ft (118 m)
Right Field – 330 ft (101 m)
Backstop – 64 ft (20 m)
SurfaceNatural grass (1996–2005)
AstroTurf (1970–1995)
Natural grass (1966–1969)
Construction
Broke groundMay 25, 1964; 56 years ago (May 25, 1964)[1][2]
Built1964–1966
OpenedMay 12, 1966; 54 years ago (May 12, 1966)[1]
ClosedOctober 19, 2005; 15 years ago (October 19, 2005)
DemolishedNovember 7 – December 8, 2005
Construction costUS$24 million[1]
($189 million in 2019 dollars[3])
ArchitectSverdrup & Parcel
Edward Durell Stone
Schwarz & Van Hoefen, Associated
General contractorFruin–Colnon/Millstone[4]
Tenants
St. Louis Cardinals (MLB) (1966–2005)
St. Louis Cardinals (NFL) (1966–1987)
St. Louis Stars (NPSL / NASL) (1967–1974)
St. Louis Rams (NFL) (1995)

Busch Memorial Stadium, also known as Busch Stadium II, was a multi-purpose sports facility in St. Louis, Missouri, that operated for 40 years, from 1966 through 2005.[5]

The stadium served as the home of the St. Louis Cardinals National League baseball team for its entire operating existence, while also serving as home to the National Football League's Cardinals team for 22 seasons, from 1966 through 1987, as well as the St. Louis Rams during part of the 1995 season. It opened four days after the last baseball game was played at Sportsman's Park (which had also been known since 1953 as Busch Stadium).

The stadium was designed by Sverdrup & Parcel and built by Grün & Bilfinger.[6] Edward Durell Stone designed the roof, a 96-arch "Crown of Arches".[7] The Crown echoed the Gateway Arch, which had been completed only a year before Busch Stadium opened. It was one of the first multipurpose "cookie-cutter" facilities built in the United States, popular from the early 1960s through the early 1980s.

Its final event was the sixth game of the 2005 NLCS on October 19.[8] The stadium was demolished by wrecking ball in late 2005 and part of its former footprint is occupied by its replacement stadium—the new Busch Stadium (a.k.a. Busch Stadium III), located just south.

  1. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference alookback was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ "Football Cards remain undecided on Atlanta". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. May 26, 1964. p. 2C.
  3. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^ O'Neil, Tim (May 11, 2013). "In 1966, New Busch Stadium Was a Tub-Thumping Civic Cause". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  5. ^ Newberry, Paul (October 13, 2005). "Cardinals want to close out old home with title". Southeast Missourian. Cape Girardeau. Associated Press. p. 4B.
  6. ^ Bilfinger Berger Corporate history animation Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Save the Arches – jbauer.com – Retrieved January 22, 2008 Archived February 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mike (October 20, 2005). "Busch stadium closes in disappointing fashion". Southeast Missourian. Cape Girardeau. Associated Press. p. 1B.

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