National Institutes of Health

Medical research organization in the United States

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National Institutes of Health (NIH)
NIH Master Logo Vertical 2Color.png
National Institutes of Health logo
NIH Clinical Research Center aerial.jpg
Aerial photo of the NIH Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center, Bethesda, Maryland
Agency overview
FormedAugust 1887; 133 years ago (1887-08)
Preceding agency
  • Hygienic Laboratory
HeadquartersBethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Employees20,262 (2012),[1] including 6,000 research scientists (2019).[2]
Annual budget
Agency executives
Parent agencyDepartment of Health & Human Services
Child agencies
Websitewww.nih.gov

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) (/ɛn..ˈ/) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research. It was founded in the late 1880s and is now part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The majority of NIH facilities are located in Bethesda, Maryland and other nearby suburbs of the Washington metropolitan area, with other primary facilities in the Research Triangle Park in North Carolina and smaller satellite facilities located around the United States. The NIH conducts its own scientific research through its Intramural Research Program (IRP) and provides major biomedical research funding to non-NIH research facilities through its Extramural Research Program.

As of 2013[update], the Intramural Research Program (IRP) had 1,200 principal investigators and more than 4,000 postdoctoral fellows in basic, translational, and clinical research, being the largest biomedical research institution in the world,[5] while, as of 2003, the extramural arm provided 28% of biomedical research funding spent annually in the U.S., or about US$26.4 billion.[6]

The NIH comprises 27 separate institutes and centers of different biomedical disciplines and is responsible for many scientific accomplishments, including the discovery of fluoride to prevent tooth decay, the use of lithium to manage bipolar disorder, and the creation of vaccines against hepatitis, Haemophilus influenzae (HIB), and human papillomavirus (HPV).[7]

In 2019, the NIH was ranked number two in the world, behind Harvard University, for biomedical sciences in the Nature Index, which measured the largest contributors to papers published in a subset of leading journals from 2015 to 2018.[8][9]

  1. ^ Baye, Rachel (October 17, 2012). "NIH plans to move 3,000 employees to Bethesda campus". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference philippides2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Trump, Congress approve largest U.S. research spending increase in a decade". Science AAAS. March 23, 2018. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Appropriations (Section 2)". The NIH Almanac (Report). National Institutes of Health. February 25, 2011. Archived from the original on October 31, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  5. ^ "Organization and Leadership | NIH Intramural Research Program". Irp.nih.gov. April 4, 2011. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  6. ^ Osterweil, Neil (September 20, 2005). "Medical Research Spending Doubled Over Past Decade". MedPage Today. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  7. ^ NIH Sourcebook "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 5, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "The top 10 institutions in biomedical sciences in 2018". Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  9. ^ "Introduction to the Nature Index". natureindex.com.

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Where can I visit?

  • National Institutes of Health

    US government medical research agency

  • Garrett Park, Maryland

    Town in Maryland, United States

  • Kensington, Maryland

    Town in Maryland, United States

  • Chevy Chase View, Maryland

    Town in Maryland, United States

  • North Bethesda, Maryland

    Census-designated place in Maryland, United States

  • North Kensington, Maryland

    census-designated place in Maryland, United States

  • South Kensington, Maryland

    CDP in Maryland, United States

  • National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Database branch of the US National Library of Medicine

  • United States National Library of Medicine

    World's largest medical library

  • Walter Johnson High School

    Public high school in North Bethesda CDP , Maryland, United States


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National Institutes of Health

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