Making progress: is Queensland actually as conservative as we think?

The passage of voluntary assisted dying laws is the latest in the state’s slow but steady trickle of progressive reforms

Three years ago, when a fledgling movement for voluntary assisted dying laws in Queensland began meeting with MPs to gauge support, campaigners were told not to hold their breath.

Those consultations revealed what the state parliament has now confirmed – significant support among politicians for VAD. The move also had strong public approval. So why the delay?

At the time, the Queensland government made it clear to campaigners that it would not pursue an aggressive agenda of social reform. The state was already about to begin debate on decriminalising abortion, which had been in the criminal code since 1899.

The premier, Annastacia Palaszczuk, said in 2018 an inquiry into VAD could be considered “down the track”, but that the issue wasn’t a priority at the outset of her government’s second term.

Change would come. But slowly, cautiously.

Labor has followed a consistent template for social reform in Queensland, where it has held office for most of the last 32 years.

In 2018, former Labor minister Anne Warner told Guardian Australia that when the Wayne Goss government was elected in 1989 there was a lot of “fear” about the idea of opening up debate on abortion laws.

“[At one point] I got a phone call from [Goss] saying ‘don’t scare the horses’,” Warner recalled.

“We’d been out of government for 30 years, change would have to happen slowly and systematically.”

Chris Salisbury, a Queensland political historian from the University of Queensland, says “don’t scare the horses” became like a mantra to Goss during his term in office.

“[Former premier] Peter Beattie said you had to be conscious of not frightening the electorate with too much reform at too quick a pace,” Salisbury said.

“Palaszczuk has got around to some of these harder social reforms that her predecessors couldn’t bring themselves to touch, but there’s a very pragmatic nature to the reform agenda.”

As Palaszczuk’s Labor government now settles into its third term in office, it has come to exploit that pragmatic upside of social progress in Queensland. Two weeks before the 2020 election, a promise to bring voluntary euthanasia laws to the parliament tapped into the more than 80% of voters who supported VAD.

Protesters against the voluntary assisted dying bill outside Brisbane’s parliament house last week
Protesters against the voluntary assisted dying bill outside Brisbane’s parliament house last week. While Queensland has notably conservative pockets, surveys show the state is becoming more progressive. Photograph: Albert Perez/EPA

Issues like abortion and VAD have become political third rails for their LNP opposition – wedging them between constituents who want reform and the majority of grassroots party members with fundamental objections.

Many of these reforms are years – even decades – slow in responding to the views of Queensland citizens. They are safe, overdue and popular. They are also plentiful, in a state shaped by anachronisms that hark back to the ultraconservative Bjelke-Petersen years.

The state government has already started work on the next tranche of social reforms. The include a review of the sex work industry that will look at decriminalisation, in a state where the laws are described as “puritanical”. The government has taken steps towards a treaty with First Nations people.

All of which is not to say the current government is particularly leftwing either. Laws targeting climate change protesters and ongoing “tough on crime” rhetoric are not popular with progressive groups. The state does not have an independent environmental protection agency.

ABC Vote Compass data shows Queensland is notionally conservative – sitting marginally to the right of other states.

And while Vote Compass data from the past two federal elections shows community views in Queensland becoming more progressive, voters shifted firmly to the right on polling day in 2019.

Queensland is unquestionably a conservative place in the sense that voters have entrenched reformist governments and rejected radical ones. The rise and fall of Campbell Newman’s one-term Liberal National government seemed to underscore that sentiment; even when the dial shifted to the right, voters felt uneasy with hasty and wholesale changes.

Polling on VAD, gay rights and abortion consistently shows that on those issues – even in regional areas – Queensland is no more conservative than any other states.

Salisbury says the decentralised nature of Queensland has accentuated some very conservative pockets, but that overall the nature of the state has changed substantially.

“We have to recognise that we have progressed and become more recognisably progressive than how we used to be characterised and caricatured,” he says.

Contributor

Ben Smee

The GuardianTramp

Related Content

Article image
Queensland to enforce hard border closure with NSW and ACT from Saturday
Annastacia Palaszczuk made the surprise announcement as border closures shape up as key battle ground for the Queensland election in October

Ben Smee

05, Aug, 2020 @1:21 AM

Article image
Queensland election: George Christensen blames Turnbull after poor LNP result
Federal Nationals MP apologises to One Nation voters for the LNP failing to ‘stand up more for conservative values’

Paul Karp

26, Nov, 2017 @2:35 AM

Article image
Queensland lockout laws: millionaire offers to bankroll campaign to end them
Scott Hutchinson, a construction mogul and a longtime live music supporter says he has given up lobbying the Palaszczuk government

Joshua Robertson

01, Jul, 2016 @9:58 AM

Article image
Piling into Palaszczuk: LNP gambles by targeting premier in Queensland election
Labor hopes voters will continue to back its coronavirus response, but conservatives are lobbing grenades over border closures

Ben Smee

15, Sep, 2020 @5:30 PM

Article image
Queensland reports eight new local Covid cases; NT chief minister in self-isolation – as it happened
Follow all the latest developments

Luke Henriques-Gomes (now) and Matilda Boseley (earlier)

30, Mar, 2021 @7:24 AM

Article image
'Adani is a vote changer': Greens muscle in on Queensland's marginal seats
As the party home in on three electorates, they say a Greens MP could play a pivotal role in a hung parliament where One Nation has leached away major-party votes

Joshua Robertson

09, Nov, 2017 @11:28 PM

Article image
Victoria reports 35 new cases and seven deaths as NSW records four cases – as it happened
Victoria to turn roads and footpaths into dining spaces to help hospitality industry as Queensland border row deepens. Follow all today’s news

Luke Henriques-Gomes (now), and Amy Remeikis and Graham Readfearn (earlier)

14, Sep, 2020 @8:57 AM

Article image
Extinction Rebellion: Labor members say 'chilling' mass arrests have echoes of Bjelke-Petersen era
Exclusive: Queensland Labor left figures say party built on the right to protest or strike

Ben Smee

10, Oct, 2019 @2:55 AM

Article image
Labor's Annastacia Palaszczuk faces biggest test yet in Queensland election
Against the odds, she brought the Queensland Labor party back from the brink. Now the opposition leader is intent on making Campbell Newman’s government a one-term wonder

Daniel Hurst, political correspondent

06, Jan, 2015 @9:19 PM

Article image
Queensland government accused of 'fabricating' claims about climate activists
Exclusive: Premier claims Extinction Rebellion using ‘sinister tactics’ such as traps, but police have never laid charges with such an offence

Ben Smee in Brisbane

20, Aug, 2019 @6:00 PM