Mashantucket Pequot Tribe

Human settlement in Connecticut, United States of America

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Coordinates: 41°27′58″N 71°58′28″W / 41.46611°N 71.97444°W / 41.46611; -71.97444

Mashantucket Pequot Tribe
Total population
Enrolled members: 1,086
Regions with significant populations
United States, ( Connecticut)
Languages
English, formerly Pequot
Religion
Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Mohegan and Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation

The Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation is a federally recognized American Indian tribe in the state of Connecticut. They are descended from the Pequot people, an Algonquian-language tribe that dominated the southern New England coastal areas, and they own and operate Foxwoods Resort Casino within their reservation in Ledyard, Connecticut. As of 2018, Foxwoods Resort Casino is one of the largest casinos in the world in terms of square footage, casino floor size, and number of slot machines, and it was one of the most economically successful in the United States until 2007,[1] but it became deeply in debt by 2012 due to its expansion and changing conditions.[2][3]

The tribe was federally recognized in 1983 through the Mashantucket Pequot Land Claims Settlement Act. The federal land claims suit was brought by the tribe against the State of Connecticut and the Federal government, charging that the tribe had been illegally deprived of its land through state actions that were not ratified by the Senate. As part of the settlement of this suit, Congress gave federal recognition to the tribe, in addition to approving financial compensation so that the tribe could repurchase lost land. Tribal membership is based on proven lineal descent of 11 Pequot families whose ancestors were listed in the 1900 US Census.[4]

The Mashantucket Pequot tribe is one of two federally recognized tribes in Connecticut, the other being the Mohegan Indian Tribe.

  1. ^ Jessica Durkin, "Mashantucket Election Returns Council Incumbents," Norwich Bulletin, 7 November 2005
  2. ^ Associated Press, "Indian casinos struggle to get out from under debt," FOX News online, 21 January 2012
  3. ^ Michael Sokolove, "Foxwoods is fighting for its life" Archived 2014-03-25 at the Wayback Machine, New York Times Magazine, 14 March 2012
  4. ^ Laurence M. Hauptman, "A Review" of Jeff Benedict’s Without Reservation: The Making of America’s Most Powerful Indian Tribe and Foxwoods, the World’s Largest Casino Archived 2008-10-12 at the Wayback Machine, Indian Gaming, 17 March 2009

Nearby Places

  • Mashantucket Pequot Tribe
  • Ledyard, Connecticut

    Town in Connecticut, United States

  • North Stonington, Connecticut

    Town in Connecticut, United States

  • Old Mystic, Connecticut

    Census-designated place in Connecticut, United States

  • Preston, Connecticut

    Town in Connecticut, United States

  • Mystic Seaport

    Maritime museum in Mystic, Connecticut, United States

  • Foxwoods Resort Casino
  • Joseph Conrad (ship)
  • Charles W. Morgan (ship)

    American whaling ship built in 1841

  • Mystic massacre

    Massacre of Native Americans during the Pequot War

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