Mission San Diego de Alcalá

Spanish mission in San Diego, California

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Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá (Spanish: Misión San Diego de Alcalá) was the second Franciscan founded mission in The Californias (after San Fernando de Velicata), a province of New Spain. Located in present-day San Diego, California, it was founded on July 16, 1769, by Spanish friar Junípero Serra, in an area long inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The mission and the surrounding area were named for the Catholic saint Didacus of Alcalá, a Spaniard more commonly known as San Diego. The mission was the site of the first Christian burial in Alta California. The original mission burned in 1775 during an uprising by local natives.[16] San Diego is also generally regarded as the site of the region's first public execution, in 1778. Father Luis Jayme, California's first Christian martyr who was among those killed during the 1775 uprising against the mission,[16] lies entombed beneath the chancel floor. The current church, built in the early 19th century, is the fifth to stand on this location.[17][18] The mission site is a National Historic Landmark.[14][19]

Mission San Diego de Alcalá
Mission San Diego de Alcalá
The church façade of Mission San Diego de Alcalá
Mission San Diego de Alcalá is located in San Diego
Mission San Diego de Alcalá
Location in San Diego
Location10818 San Diego Mission Rd.
San Diego, California 92108-2429
Coordinates32°47′4″N 117°6′23″W / 32.78444°N 117.10639°W / 32.78444; -117.10639
Name as foundedLa Misión San Diego de Alcalá[1]
English translationThe Mission of Saint Didacus of Acalá[2]
PatronSaint Didacus of Alcalá[1]
Nickname(s)"Mother of the Alta California Missions"[3]
Founding dateJuly 16, 1769[4]
Founding priest(s)Father Presidente Junípero Serra [5]
Built1769
ArchitectFr. Jose Bernardo Sanchez
Founding OrderFirst[2]
Headquarters of the Alta California Mission System1769–1771[6]
Military districtFirst[7][8]
Native tribe(s)
Spanish name(s)
Kumeyaay (Ipai / Tipai)[4]
Diegueño[4]
Native place name(s)Kosoi, Nipawai[9]
Baptisms6,522[10]
Confirmations1,379[11]
Marriages1,794[10]
Burials4,322[10]
Neophyte population1,455[10][12]
Secularized1834[2]
Returned to the Church1862[2]
Governing bodyRoman Catholic Diocese of San Diego
Current useParish Church
Official name: San Diego Mission Church
DesignatedApril 15, 1970[13]
Reference no.70000144[13]
DesignatedApril 15, 1970[14]
Reference no.#242
DesignatedOctober 6, 1976[15]
Reference no.113
Website
missionsandiego.org
  1. ^ a b Leffingwell, p. 17
  2. ^ a b c d Krell, p. 71
  3. ^ Young, p. 14
  4. ^ a b c Yenne, p. 24
  5. ^ Ruscin, p. 196
  6. ^ Yenne, p. 186
  7. ^ Forbes, p. 202
  8. ^ Engelhardt 1920, pp. v, 228 "The military district of San Diego embraced the Missions of San Diego, San Luis Rey, San Juan Capistrano, and San Gabriel..."
  9. ^ Ruscin, p. 195
  10. ^ a b c d Krell, p. 315: as of December 31, 1832; information adapted from Engelhardt's Missions and Missionaries of California.
  11. ^ Engelhardt 1920, pp. 300–301: as of December 31, 1832. An additional 426 confirmations were performed between January 1, 1833 and December 31, 1841.
  12. ^ Engelhardt 1920, pp. 300–301. 1824 saw the greatest number of neophytes attached to the Mission (1,829), whereas the smallest recorded neophyte population was ninety seven neophyte. It was seen in 1774.
  13. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  14. ^ a b "San Diego Mission Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009. Retrieved August 24, 2009.
  15. ^ "Historical Landmarks Designated by the San Diego Historical Resources Board" (PDF). City of San Diego.
  16. ^ a b "History". Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá.
  17. ^ Snell, Charles (September 4, 1976). "San Diego Mission Church" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  18. ^ "San Diego Mission Church" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  19. ^ "Questions & Answers – Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá". Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá. Archived from the original on August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.

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